psy 462 chapter 1 and 2 draft 2

psy 462 chapter 1 and 2 draft 2 - DANCE IT OUT A LOOK AT...

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DANCE IT OUT: A LOOK AT THE POSITIVE EFFECTS OF DANCE/MOVEMENT THERAPY A senior project submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Psychology By Hannah Bauss Psychology and Child Development Department College of Liberal Arts CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC STATE UNIVERSITY San Luis Obispo Spring Quarter, 2011 Faculty Advisor: Julie Garcia
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TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 3 Chapter 2 6 Chapter 3 17 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 References
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CHAPTER 1 Introduction All people experience feelings of sadness, anger, frustration, and other negative emotions. Many develop proper coping mechanisms for these feelings, but there are some who experience difficulty doing so. I believe that one healthy coping mechanism is exercise. It can provide a fun, healthy, and effective outlet for the release of negative emotions. However, I do not think that children who struggle to properly release these emotions know how to successfully do so in a way that it not destructive to themselves or others. It was my goal with my senior project to introduce all children, not just those who do not have efficient coping mechanisms, to an option for releasing the negative feelings. I chose to study the effects of exercise, particularly dance and dance/movement therapy, and to carry it out through a two-day miniature dance workshop, taught by myself. I chose this topic based off of my observations at the agency where I have spent the past nine months interning, Family Care Network, Inc. (FCNI). During my time with this agency, I have worked with many children and families that have received an array of services. One trend that I noticed among several of the children was destructive behavior, towards themselves, others, or property, when they felt frustrated or angry and were unable vocalize their emotions. I thought that this was an important issue to address because if these children are educated on how to effectively express these feelings, it will positively affect their treatment, progress, and relationships with everyone around them. I know that exercise is an efficient method for decreasing stress and negative emotions so I chose to focus on that method for releasing negative energy. I chose dance as the specific mode of exercise for this project because I have been a dancer for eighteen years and have personally experienced the emotional relief it can provide.
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Dance and exercise in general, have also found to positively affect one’s self-esteem and self-efficacy; further contributing to the increased well-being of children and adults. Several theorists and theoretical viewpoints study self-efficacy and self-esteem and their effects on mood. One of the most prominent theorists is Albert Bandura and his social cognitive theory (Miller, 2011). Social cognitive theory studies the cognitive and emotional aspects of behavior and how we understand its changes and patterns (Miller, 2011). A behavior pattern or change is
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