Lab_Manual_CAE345_2011

Lab_Manual_CAE345_2011 - Water and Wastewater Analysis...

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Water and Wastewater Analysis - 1 - WATER AND WASTEWATER ANALYSIS LABORATORY MANUAL CAE 345 Shree R. Kundalkar, Ph. D., 1996, Revised by Helena Solo-Gabriele, Ph.D., P.E., 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2010, and 2011
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Water and Wastewater Analysis - 2 - TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE NO. INTRODUCTION 4 LABORATORY SAFETY 6 LABORATORY STATISTICS 7 LABORATORY PROJECTS AND EXPERIMENTS 14 PROJECT NUMBER 1, TESTING A HOME FILTER SYSTEM 16 EXPERIMENT #1 : METALS 17 PROJECT NUMBER 2, ANALYSIS OF A WASTEWATER 23 EXPERIMENT #2: BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (BOD) 24 EXPERIMENT #3: CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (COD) 30 PROJECT NUMBER 3, VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS 32 EXPERIMENT #4: VOLATILE ORGANICS COMPOUNDS IN LIQUID SAMPLES 33 EXPERIMENT #5: VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN GASEOUS SAMPLES 37 PROJECT NUMBER 4, ANALYSIS OF POTABLE WATER 40 EXPERIMENT #6: CHLORINE RESIDUAL 41 EXPERIMENT #7: ALKALINITY 44 EXPERIMENT #8: HARDNESS 47 PROJECT NUMBER 5, ANALYSIS OF A SURFACE WATER 49 EXPERIMENT #9: SOLIDS IN WATER USING GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS 50 EXPERIMENT #10 : PHOSPHATE 53 PROJECT NUMBER 6, ANALYSIS OF CCA-TREATED WOOD USING X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY 57 EXPERIMENT #11: ANALYSIS OF SOLID SAMPLES USING AN XRF METHOD 58 REFERENCES 60
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Water and Wastewater Analysis - 3 - ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Shree Kundalkar: In preparing this Laboratory Manual for the course, Water and Wastewater Analysis, as part of the environmental engineering curriculum, I would like to thank Dr. Thomas Waite and Dr. David Chin for giving me an opportunity to conduct this course. My sincere thanks go to Ms. Thuy-Kieu Tran, Mr. Brian Rolingson, and Mr. Jason Greene in helping me set up the experiments and to Mrs. Olga Charriez for her cooperation. Helena Solo-Gabriele: I would like to thank Dr. Junko Kazumi for her assistance in preparing the documentation for the organics laboratory and for her suggestion to include a Brita® filter experiment. Tomoyuki Shibata provided instructions for use of the AA. Bernine Khan provided the first draft of instructions for the TCLP analysis. Guoqing He and Jackie James helped considerably in the development of the VOC in air lab. I would also like to thank the teaching assistants and students enrolled in this course who continually provide feedback and corrections concerning the text.
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Water and Wastewater Analysis - 4 - 1 INTRODUCTION Role of Laboratory The role of the analytical laboratory is to provide qualitative and quantitative data to be used in decision making. To be valuable, the data must accurately describe the constituent characteristics and concentrations in the sample submitted to the laboratory. Decisions made using water and wastewater data are far reaching. In wastewater analysis, the laboratory data define the treatment plant influent, the status of the steps in the treatment process, and the final load imposed upon the water resources. Decisions on process changes, plant modifications or even the construction of a new facility may be based upon the results of laboratory analysis. The financial pressures alone are significant reasons for extreme care in analysis.
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Lab_Manual_CAE345_2011 - Water and Wastewater Analysis...

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