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Week 1 Introduction to radiography 60

Week 1 Introduction to radiography 60 - 1.1 Basic...

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1 1.1 Basic Radiographic Room Tube stand allows vertical and horizontal movement of tube. Tube can be angled Collimator restricts beam Wall Bucky holds cassette.
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2 Complete X-ray Room The Non-Bucky Film holder allows non-grid films that reduce exposure. The radiographic table makes imaging unstable or handicapped patients safer.
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3 Modern control panel Located behind shielded barrier. Controls for kVp and mAs. Selection of focal spot. Exposure buttons located so operator must be behind barrier.
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4 Cassettes Black border Kodak Lanex Regular Cassettes are 400 speed and used for spine and general radiography. Grey Border Kodak Lanex Fine Cassettes or Extremity Cassettes are 80 speed and used for non-Bucky small extremity films.
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5 Nolan Filtration System Additional aluminum filters are added to compensate for varying body thickness. The filters will reduce exposure in the area that they are placed. The objective is to equalize the exposure on the film. The thoracic region is where most filtration is required.
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6 Compensating Filters This rack contains compensating filters and shields. Top row holds numbered point filters Bottom row holds cervical thoracic filters and shields. Shields contain lead that will block the x-ray at the tube.
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7 Tube controls Buttons to release the horizontal and vertical locks to move tube stand. Button to turn on collimator light. Tube angle indicator Knobs to collimate beam.
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8 Basic Patient Positions: A-P Anterior-Posterior Facing toward Tube Back touching Bucky Marker “R” or “L” facing forward. One of the required views
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9 Basic Positions: P-A Posterior-Anterior Facing the Bucky Back toward tube. Markers “R” or “L” Pronated or facing toward film. Either A-P or P-A is a required view.
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10 Basic Positions: Posterior Oblique Facing toward tube Patient turned 40 to 45 degrees from A-P. Markers:“R”or “RPO” or “L” or “LPO” to indicate the side closest to the Bucky.
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11 Basic Positions: Anterior Oblique Facing toward Bucky Back toward Tube Patient turned 40 to 45 degrees from P-A. Marker: “R”or ”RAO” or “L” or “LAO” pronated indicating the side closest to Bucky
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12 Basic Positions: Lateral Mid coronal plane is perpendicular to film. Make sure feet are parallel. Markers used to indicate the side closest to the film.
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13 Basic Positions: Recumbent Can be any of the basic view such as: A-P P-A Oblique Lateral All marker rule apply
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14 Basic Positions: Decubitus Taken to see air or fluid levels. Patient must stay on side for 5 to 10 minutes. Markers: “R” or “L” to indicate side down.
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