PSY202Week5DQ1 - In many cultures, the last part of life is...

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In many cultures, the last part of life is a subject that ranges from fear to celebration – from avoidance to serenity. In nearly every instance, it also invites self-reflection about the choices we make about how we live. Elders and the respect for elders is a major component in Indian culture. Elders are the driving force for any family and hence the love and respect for elders comes from within and is not artificial. An individual takes blessings from his elders by touching their feet. Elders drill and pass on the Indian culture within us as we grow. Fasting frequently is a common practice among elderly women. It is done because of religious belief that it improves the welfare of the family. The cultural and religious background of Asian Indian elders often influence end of life care decisions. Older Asian Indian women often recommend home treatment. Home remedies, such as massage, bathing and herbal medicines may be used first, while a physician is sought out only for serious illness. Some behaviors that many elders prefer include: ritual chanting by a priest; tying a thread around the sick person’s wrist; and writing a protective verse to be worn in a metal cylinder on a chain around the neck or wrist. Sick persons may also promise gifts to the temple god if they recover. For many Asian Indian elders, the activities of social workers and home care nurses are unfamiliar and often not welcomed. Home visits by these providers are not always acceptable. They seek help from family and friends and are unlikely to place an elder in a nursing home except as a last resort. Many patients prefer to die at home, and there are specific rituals and practices in each religious community. Many believe suffering is due to karma, which is inevitable. When close to death, family members are likely to be present in large numbers. A dying person may wish to be moved to the floor, with an idea of being close to the mother earth. Family members will prefer to wash the body after death. The preference is also for cremation. The mourning Hindu family may prefer to have a Hindu priest perform a prayer and blessing. It is very important to provide privacy to the family after the death of a family member to allow for the religious rites to be performed. It is an accepted practice for family members and others to have an open expression of grief. After cremation there is a mourning period of from 10 to 40 days. Contrast two theories or perspectives from late stage adult development Carstensen’s (1996) socioemotional selectivity theory states that older adults become more selective about their social contacts, narrowing choices to those with whom they have the strongest emotional connections. Older adults have just as many close friends as their younger counterparts, but they have fewer secondary social contacts (Lang & Carstensen, 1994). Selectivity helps older people maintain a positive self image and stay in better control of their emotions (the opposite of teenage drama), and meaningful social
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PSY202Week5DQ1 - In many cultures, the last part of life is...

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