The issue that is the chief focus of the research study and that the investigator precisely controls is acknowledged as the independent variable (IV): independent because the researcher and variable can completely influence it because it is able to take for granted two or more quantities (often called stages) . The IV is the fundamental piece of the relation we seek to create. Taking advantage of the IV relates to a use of the word manipulation. Independent variable (IV) is a motivation or characteristic of the atmosphere that the investigator exactly directs to conclude its sway on conduct (Smith & Davis, 2010). The dependent variable (DV) consists of the documented products (commonly called data ; the singular is datum ) of the test. The DV is the outcome half of the reason-and-result relation we are analyzing. The word dependent is used for the reason that if the research is performed correctly, modifications in DV scores will result from (depend on) the taking advantage of the IV; the stage of efficiency will depend on the changes. Dependent
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