BIO1130 Biology biologists and Bioscience

BIO1130 Biology biologists and Bioscience - Biology,...

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Page 1 Biology, biologists and Bioscience BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 11:56 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 1 Biology, Biologists, and Bioscience The dead dudes lecture Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 11:56 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 2 In this lecture: History of biology, a natural science, compared to that of the physical sciences. Misconceptions about “facts” of biology How biology is done – scientific method in natural sciences. Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 11:56 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 3 Defining biology The subject matter of our investigations will be the various forms and manifestations of life, the conditions and laws controlling their existence, and the causes by which this is effected. The science, which occupies itself with these subjects, we shall designate by the name biology, or science of life. (Treviranus 1802) Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 11:56 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 4 Important stages in the history of Biology 400 BCE – 450: Greek and Roman ages 450 – 16 th century: Medieval ages 16 th -18 th century: Renaissance and the scientific revolution 19 th century 20 th century 21 st century Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 11:56 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 5 Important stages in the history of Biology 400 BCE – 450: Greek and Roman ages Hippocrates (460-370 BCE) Aristotle (384-322 BCE) _____________ (371-287 BCE) Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 11:56 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 6 Important stages in the history of Biology 400 BCE – 450: Greek and Roman ages Scala naturae the great chain of being _____________
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Page 2 Biology, biologists and Bioscience BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 11:56 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 7 Important stages in the history of Biology 450-16 th century: Medieval ages Europe 400-700 Early middle ages (Dark Ages) 1000-_____ High middle Ages ______-1500 Late middle ages Black plague (1347-1351) Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 11:56 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 8 Important stages in the history of Biology 450-16 th century: Medieval ages Byzantium Al-Jahiz (781-869) Al-Dinawari (826-896) Avicenna (980-1037 Al-Baitar (d. 1248) Abu al-Abbas al Nabati (13 th century) Avicenna Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 11:56 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 9 Special creation Pattern Species don’t change Each species created on Oct 23, 4004 BCE Species are not old Process A designer of some sort Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 11:56 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 10 Copernicus (1473-1543) earth not the center of the universe. Kepler
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BIO1130 Biology biologists and Bioscience - Biology,...

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