Joints - 7/6/2009 1 Joints P A R T A Functions of...

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Unformatted text preview: 7/6/2009 1 Joints P A R T A Functions of articulations { Articulations z Where two bones interconnect { To hold bones together { To allow movements of the body 2 { Immovable joints- Synarthroses z More predominant in the axial skeleton Functional classification { Slightly moveable joints- Amphiarthroses z More predominant in the axial skeleton { Freely moveable joints- Diarthroses z More predominant in the appendicular skeleton 3 Structural classification { Fibrous joints { No presence of joint cavity { They are synarthroses or amphiarthroses { Fibrous tissue present z Suture = skull bones bound together by dense connective tissue. It is a synarthrose. Bones interlock z Gomphosis = teeth bound to bony sockets by periodontal ligaments 4 Structural classification z Synostosis = two bones completely fused. Portions of the skull z Syndesmosis = bones connected by a ligament. Distal articulation between fibula and tibia. Movement varies from immovable to slightly variable. 5 Fibrous Structural Joints: Syndesmoses 6 Figure 8.1b 7/6/2009 2 Cartilaginous joints { Bones connected by a pad or plate of cartilage z Symphysis = bone separated by fibrocartilage Pubic by fibrocartilage. Pubic symphysis and intervertebral joints. It is amphiarthrotic z Syncondrosis = bones connected by hyaline cartilage....
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course BIOL 2401 taught by Professor Elainefanin during the Fall '11 term at Collins.

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Joints - 7/6/2009 1 Joints P A R T A Functions of...

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