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Scientific Paper Seminar Slides

Scientific Paper Seminar Slides - Paper MarkGarcia minimum...

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The Art of Writing a Scientific Paper Mark Garcia
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General things to keep in mind when writing your scientific paper Keep pronouns like “I” and “we” to a minimum Never use “You.” The paper is being written after you have performed these experiments, keep it in the past tense
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Parts of a Scientific Paper Title Abstract Introduction Materials and Methods Results Discussion References
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Title
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What makes a title good? Clear concise message that conveys the experiments performed and your findings Captures the attention of the reader
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Example Titles Changes in Temperature and pH, and the Resulting Effect on the Enzymatic Activity of Catechol Oxidase EXCELLENT: Concise and to the point, but still informative Environmental Changes and Their Effect on Catechol Oxidase Good: Still informative, but vague in terms of what environmental changes were made Enzymes Bad: Doesn’t describe what aspect of enzymes is being analyzed, or what enzyme is being tested.
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Abstract
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What makes an abstract good? Should be no more than 250 words Think of it as your “30 second Super Bowl Ad” 1‐2 Sentences of intro, 1‐2 of M&M, 1‐2 of Results, and 1‐2 of Discussion Should, like your title, be concise and informative, but not overly superfluous (ex. Don’t state the amount of mL of a solution that were used) You should write this and your Title last
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Example Abstracts Catechol Oxidase is an enzyme found plants that is necessary for the conversion of the molecule catechol into the product, benzoquinone. Benzoquinone is produced as a means of protecting plants from environmental threats, and its production is, therefore, crucial to plant survival. Here we describe a series of experiments that were used to determine the optimum temperature and pH of this enzyme. Additional experiments were performed to determine its specificity for its substrate, and, whether or not it required cofactors to function efficiently. Our experiments determined the optimum temperature and pH to be 40°C and 7 respectively. Furthermore, the results also suggested that Catechol Oxidase is specific for catechol and that copper a necessary cofactor that contributes to enzymatic activity. Together, these results further elucidate the conditions in which this enzyme will produce the highest yield of product, and validated our initial hypotheses. While these findings were promising, further experiments could determine if other cofactors other than copper may be involved in the reaction, as well as what molecules may act as enzymatic inhibitors. EXCELLENT: Concise, <250 Words, gives just enough information to let me know what is going on in these experiments without going into too much detail.
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Example Abstracts Catechol Oxidase is an enzyme found plants that is necessary for the conversion of the molecule catechol into the product, benzoquinone.
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