CH11 - SLAVES AND MASTERS America: Past and Present Chapter...

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SLAVES AND MASTERS America: Past and Present Chapter 11 The Divided Society of the Old South l Wealth divides white Southerners by class l White society also divided by region l Black society also divided with about 6% free l Race divides all Southerners by caste The World of Southern Blacks l Constant resistance of Southern ideology, repression l Constant aspiration to freedom l Psychic survival helped create and maintain a unique African American ethnicity
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l 90% of slaves lived on plantations or farms l Most slaves on cotton plantations worked sunup to sundown, 6 days/week l About 75% of slaves were field workers, about 5% worked in industry l Urban slaves had more autonomy than rural slaves Slave Families, Kinship, and Community l Normal family life difficult for slaves l fathers cannot always protect children l families vulnerable to breakup by masters l Most reared in strong, two-parent families l Extended families provide nurture, support amid horror of slavery l Slave culture a family culture that provided a sense of community African American Religion l Black Christianity the cornerstone of an emerging African American culture l Whites fear religion’s subversive potential, try to supervise churches and preaching l Slave religion kept secret from whites l reaffirmed the inherent joy of life l preaches the inevitable day of liberation
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course HIST 1301 taught by Professor Sarabostelmann during the Spring '11 term at Collins.

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CH11 - SLAVES AND MASTERS America: Past and Present Chapter...

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