Chapter 13

Chapter 13 - Mental Health, Counseling Theories, Substance...

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1 Mental Health, Counseling Theories, Substance Abuse, Chapter 13 Mental Health Mental Illness Acceptable and appropriate behavior Definitely unacceptable Medical Model for Mental Illness • Severe emotional problems caused by brain dysfunction or intrapsychic causes. • Little attention given to systems or environmental influences. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) Axis I and II – mental disorders Axis III – physical disorders and conditions Axis IV and V – rate the severity of the psychosocial stressors and the highest level of adaptive functioning that the individual has maintained during the previous year. Development of Mental Health Problems • Biological • Childhood • Social learning • Social stress Types of Mental Health Problems • Depression • Bipolar disorder • Schizophrenia • Anxiety disorders
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2 Practice Theories Systems Theory: • A set of units with relationships among them. • An entity composed of
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Chapter 13 - Mental Health, Counseling Theories, Substance...

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