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Foreign and Defense Policy

Foreign and Defense Policy - Foreign Policy What is Foreign...

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1 Foreign Policy Definition: A nation’s external goals and techniques and strategies used to achieve them. American foreign policy includes national security policy , which is policy designed to protect the independence and the political and economic integrity of the United States at the insistence of the Depts. of State, Defense and the National Security Council. What is Foreign Policy? Diplomacy – the process by which states carry on relations with each other (can also mean settling conflicts among nations through peaceful means) Economic aid – assistance to other nations through grants, loans or credits to buy the assisting nation’s products Technical assistance – sending individuals with expertise in agriculture, engineering or business to aid other nations Tools of Foreign Policy
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2 Types of Reactions to Foreign Policy and Defense Policy Isolationism – A national policy of avoiding participation in foreign affairs Unilateralism – A national policy of acting without consulting others Multilateralism – US should use its military and diplomatic power in the world in cooperation with other nations and international organizations. Moralism – the policy of emphasizing morality in foreign affairs Pragmatism – the policy of taking advantage of a situation for national gain Moral Idealism – One theory of how nations act, it views all nations as willing to cooperate and agree on moral standards for conduct, but this is usually unsuccessful. Political Realism – Sees each nation acting principally in its own interest. We practice a blend of both: i.e. Most-Favored- Nation. Competing Views of Foreign Policy Constitutional Powers (found in Article II) solemnly swears to “preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States” is commander in chief of the military can make treaties (which are later ratified by the Senate) can enter into executive agreements. No Senate approval needed. can appoint ambassadors can recognize foreign governments Informal powers has access to information: CIA, State, Homeland Security and Defense Depts.
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