Social Welfare Policy

Social Welfare Policy - 8/17/2011 1 Social Welfare Policy...

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Unformatted text preview: 8/17/2011 1 Social Welfare Policy Politics and Social Welfare h Social welfare policy largely determines who gets what from governmentwho benefits from government spending on its citizens and how much they get. h This vast power has made the federal government a major redistributor of income from one group to anotherfrom the working population to retirees, from the employed to the unemployed, from taxpayers to poor people. h Direct payments to individualsSocial Security, welfare, pension, and other transfer payments now account for about 60 percent of all federal government outlays. h An estimated 35 million to 40 million people in the United States (11 to 15 percent of the population, or roughly one in eight Americans) have incomes below the official poverty line that is, their annual cash income falls below what is required to maintain a decent standard of living. Politics and Social Welfare h Poor people are not the principal beneficiaries of social welfare spending. h Less than one-third of federal social welfare spending is means- tested spending that is, distributed on the basis of the recipients income. h The middle classes, not the poor, are the major beneficiaries of the nations social welfare system. 8/17/2011 2 Roots of Social Welfare Policy h Early 19 th century attitudes toward social welfare were focused on belt-tightening and charity. h NO governmental intervention h Late 19 th century h Farmers and rural Americans sought help h Failing commodity prices; exploitation of railroads h 1890s severe economic depression h Acceptance and expectance of government intervention Poverty in the United States h Temporary Poverty - About half of the people who are counted as poor are experiencing poverty for only a short period of time. h Persistent Poverty - About half of the people on welfare rolls at any one time are persistently poor , that is, likely to remain on welfare for 5 or more years. h Family Structure - Poverty and welfare dependency are much more frequent among female-headed households with no husband present than among husbandwife households. h The Truly Disadvantaged - The rise in joblessness in the inner cities has in turn increased the concentration of poor people, added to the number of poor single-parent families, and increased welfare dependency. Americas Poor: The Rate and Number 8/17/2011 3 Who Are the Poor? Homeless in America Social Welfare Policy h Entitlements - benefits of social welfare programs for which individuals are eligible by law h Social Security Started during the Depression (1935); composed of the Old Age and Survivors Insurance program, which pays benefits to retired workers who have paid into the program and their dependents and survivors, and the Disability Insurance program, which pays benefits to disabled workers and their families. 8/17/2011 4 Social Welfare Policy h Unemployment Compensation - temporarily replaces part of the wages of workers who lose their jobs involuntarily and helps...
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Social Welfare Policy - 8/17/2011 1 Social Welfare Policy...

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