Chapter6 - How Does Memory Work(6 How Information Processing Model 1 1 Sensory Input Sensory 3 Rehearsal Path Six Ingredients to Improved Memory

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Unformatted text preview: How Does Memory Work? (6) How Information Processing Model 1. 1. Sensory Input Sensory 3. Rehearsal Path Six Ingredients to Improved Memory Get enough sleep Study in short, regular blocks of time Review soon after receiving new information Organizing and categorizing information Use your senses Associate ideas Strategies to Improve Strategies Your Memory? Your Use specific strategies Have purpose and intention Understand what you are learning Recite, rehearse, and write Study during short but frequent sessions Separate material into manageable sections Review soon after receiving new information Enhancing Your Memory Use your senses Seeing Visualize with pictures, charts, colors, form a mental picture Saying Talk aloud to yourself Share ideas in study groups Share Teach someone else Hearing Listen during lecture Recite aloud to hear the information Enhancing Your Memory Enhancing Touching Trace words, charts or physical objects Doing Take notes, act out scenes, attend workshop, take field trips, participate in service learning service Techniques: Organize and categorize Information Establish relationships among ideas Linking or grouping information will enhance recall Linking Organize - Hierarchy Organize Organize - Matrix Associate Experimental methods and labs go together because experiments usually take place in labs. experiments Observational method is associated with natural surroundings; you would observe what animals do in their natural setting you Association- Internal Association - External Schedules of Reinforcements Fixed ratio – Receiving a gold star for every 100 pages read read Variable ratio – Checking the coin return on a vending machine machine Fixed interval – A weekly paycheck Fixed Variable interval – Teachers who evaluate students using pop quizzes using More Memory Techniques More Visual Imagery – Remembering Freud’s concepts of Id, Ego and Super Ego (WWF) and Method of Loci – Freud’s Defense Mechanism Visualize a room or place Assign items in room to each Assign Iron for repression, Slide projector for projection, a toy submarine for sublimation submarine More Memory Techniques More Memory Techniques More Create mnemonic devices (tricks) Create acronyms HOMES – The great lakes (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior) Three Allies in WWII = BAR Songs or rhymes “I” before “E” except after “C” Thirty days hath September Acrostics Every good boy does fine. very ood oy oes Chunking – break into smaller pieces Exercise: Practice Exercise: Read the following list of sports: Read Snow Skiing Basketball Tennis Long Jump Bobsledding 100 Meter-Dash Hockey Baseball Ice Skate Discus Golf High Jump Volleyball Javelin Soccer Luge Curling Cricket Decathlon Hurdles Memory Demonstrations http://www.exploratorium.edu/memory/ Exercise: Practice Exercise: Try making up a sentence (acrostic) to remember the previous mnemonic techniques previous Study by: Study Selecting information that is important Organize information (study guides) into effective Organize Associate information within the information being learned and beyond the ideas being learned learned Regulate your learning by self-testing Single-fact question, relational-fact question, concept question Ways to Improve Your Memory Use visual aids Flash cards, charts, graphs Use critical thinking Ask questions, reason, & comprehend Forgetting – Why Do We Lose Memories Decay Theory Sensory stimuli are too weak, get ignored, or are not attended to. to. Displacement Theory Too much information too quickly. Overloads capacity of working memory. working Interference Theory Confusion occurs between Confusion “old” and “new” information “old” Forgetting - Continue Incomplete Encoding Theory Ineffective encoding method, use rote memory, or learning is interrupted interrupted Retrieval Failure Theory Lack of sufficient memory cues or lack of strong associations Ebbinghaus – most forgetting occurs very soon after learning learning Curve of Forgetting ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course ACPE 0200 taught by Professor Pamelalove during the Summer '06 term at Collins.

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