Chapter7 - Success With Tests (7) Success Be Prepared...

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Unformatted text preview: Success With Tests (7) Success Be Prepared Reduce Your Test Anxiety Develop Test-Taking Skills Review the Test Types of Test Questions Preparation Can Improve Preparation Test Performance Test Keep up with academic work Attend class, review notes often, read text before class Identify test type and material covered What topics will the test cover? The type of questions on the test? Multiple choice, true/false/ essay, fill-in-the-blank What material will you be tested on? Textbook, lecture, both? Talk to people who have already taken the course Instructor’s test focus more on textbook, notes Instructor’s More Preparation Tips More Create a study plan and schedule Prepare through careful review Use SQ4R: Survey topics, ask questions, read, record, recite to Survey anchor concepts, review to solidify your learning anchor Review your notes: Review regularly, mark up notes, organize Review and summarize notes and Think critically: Work to analyze and understand the material Work rather than just repeat facts rather Make the Most of Last-Minute Study Time Make the most of last-minute studying Go through your flash cards or study guides Focus on crucial concepts Create a last-minute study sheet Arrive early Write down any facts Write on a piece of scrap paper Cramming An attempt to learn large amounts of information in a short period of time period Often backfires Feeling under prepared can increase test anxiety Feeling Does not provide the brain with time to learn information thoroughly and accurately thoroughly Test Preparation Worksheet General Strategies for Success On Tests Write down key facts Begin with an overview of the exam Read test directions Work from easy to hard Note the time Master the art of intelligent guessing Follow directions on machine-scored tests More General Strategies More Use critical thinking to avoid errors Recall facts, procedures, rules, and formulas Think about similarities Note differences Think through causes and effects Find the best idea to match the example(s) given Support ideas with examples Evaluate each test question Test Anxiety Test Anxiety is a learned behavior. Test It can be unlearned. Do you have test anxiety? Page 117 Do Sources of Test Anxiety Sources Score 10 or Above on Test Anxiety Assessment Assessment Think about situations that trigger worry & anxiety: The word “test” The night before the exam The morning of the exam Walking into the classroom to take the exam Hearing other students talk about the exam A test item that you’re not sure how to answer The instructor passing out the exam to the class Three or Four Scenarios Write down three or four scenarios that apply to you. Beside the scenarios, write the exact thoughts that run through your mind when you are in that situation. through “Oh no, I’m going to fail! “I should know this answer!” “This is terrible!” Managing Test Anxiety Change How you Physically React Change Natural reaction to perceived threat Breathing becomes shallow, digestion slows down, heart beats faster, muscles tense etc. muscles Body is ready to react to threat, such as an animal running in front of your car. car. These symptoms work against you when you are taking an exam exam Lose concentration and mental acuity Two simple techniques will alter your response Reducing Physically Reaction Deep Breathing & Muscle Relaxation Train yourself to replace tense response with calming response. response. Focus on breathing in & out with big breaths Focus on relaxing muscles from head to toe Practice several times a day Practice Create feeling of deep relaxation to free your mind to concentrate Reducing Physical Reaction Reducing Mental Imagery etc. etc. Think if a place or an event that evokes a feeling of relaxation, satisfaction Desensitize Yourself Use all of your senses to reconstruct a realistic version of this event This situation becomes your “mental trigger” Practice mental imagery & breathing with situations of anxiety from least to most to Do page 124 Reducing Test Anxiety Develop Test-Wiseness Four-step Plan of Action for Taking Exams Before beginning the exam – jot down details you fear you might forget might Preview the entire and note: length, type of questions, difficulty level level After completing the test, review questions you have left blank or marked for review or Review the test, rereading directions, slowly reread each question question Test Anxiety Tips Coping with anxiety Be prepared Get plenty of rest the night before Relax using guided imagery/breathing Test anxiety and the returning student Focus on the value of your life skills Focus on how life has given you context for understanding concepts Help children understand your goals Reducing Math Anxiety http://www.onlinecollegeprep.com/MathAnxietyReductio n/AIntro/AIntroFull.html n/AIntro/AIntroFull.html http://www.studygs.net/ Strategies For Success on Math Tests Math Use special techniques for math tests Read through the exam first Analyze problems carefully Estimate before you begin Estimate Break calculations into small pieces Recall how you solved similar problems Draw a picture to help you see the problem Use the opposite operation to check your work Be sure you did everything that the question asked Look For Qualifying Words Words or phrases that moderate an “extreme” idea Indicate statement’s message is not a hard-and-fast rule rule Presence of qualifying words suggest that exceptions, omission, misstatements, or errors are possible omission, It never rains in June. False It definitely rains in June. False Qualifying Words Absolute -Definitely, absolutely, always, certainly. Absolute In-between - Usually, somewhat, most, typically, possible, sometimes, generally. possible, maybe, maybe, In-between - Perhaps, in my judgment, to some In-between extent extent Absolute - Never, have to, none Absolute Qualifying Words Qualifying “It usually rains in June” = True (This allows for one June in the past in which we had absolutely no rain) June Remember: If general qualifying words are present, the statement tends to be true. be If absolute, extreme words are present, the statement often is false false Try It Out! T/F In the year 2150, the projected worldwide life expectance will be 86 years old. 86 The world’s crude-oil reserves likely will run out by the year 2063. Stress plays a role in all physical illness because of its effect on the immune system. the You should plan for some leisure activity during the day – everybody needs a break. everybody Watch For Key Words Pay attention to word choices Look for key words or phrases in both objective and essay exams exams Example: What is the main effect of the Hitler Jugend on events leading to the Holocaust? Holocaust? Main – may be many effects, instructor looking for foremost effect effect Effect – looking for cause and effect connection between ideas Terms associated with question – Hitler Jugend and Holocaust crucial terms for cause and effect connection crucial Master Multiple Choice Questions Multiple-choice questions Carefully read the directions Read each question thoroughly Underline key words and phrases – main effect Pay attention to words that could throw you off Which of the following is “not”………. Watch for qualifying words and absolute words Answer the question in your head w/o reading answers Read every word of every answer Eliminate answers you know or suspect are wrong Select the more specific and inclusive choice With a reading passage, read the questions first Try It Out! “Soy isolate” is: A white powdered food that is 90 % protein A white powdered food that is 90 % carbohydrate A chemical compound used in kitchen utensils. A&B Multiple Choice Examples: In one research study, college students had more accurate memories: accurate The students needed repetitive coaxing. The students did not have more accurate memories. When they exhibited abnormal disorders. When they had high blood sugar levels. Multiple Choice Examples An instructional method that does NOT enhance creative thought is: thought a. Establishing pre-set rules. b. Establishing collaborative learning groups. c. Using illustrations. d. Using independent study topics Essay Questions Essay questions Start by reading the questions Watch for multiple parts Look for action/directive words Analyze, compare, contrast, describe, explain, summarize Plan what to write Jot down immediate thoughts Circle key words Draft your essay Start with a thesis statement Read through your draft Read Edit for grammar, spelling and punctuation errors Edit Essay Questions Essay Instructors often expect students to exhibit higher-level thought processes when answering essay questions. thought Understanding of directive words Understanding directive Specific words signaling what the instructor expects in your answer answer Orient you as to what to include and how to organize your answer answer Directive Words Compare and contrast Define Critique Describe Discuss Discuss Explain Illustrate Evaluate Identify List List Relate Summarize Justify Trace Page 132 Figure 7.5 Review the Test Learn from your mistakes If instructor does not go over test in class, make an appointment to do so appointment Review questions from exam Review Apply concepts Identify effects Examine case studies Distinguish similarities or differences Master T/F and Matching Master Test Questions Test True-or-false questions Read carefully Look for qualifiers – all, only, and always Matching questions Understand the directions Work from the column with the longest entries Start with matches you know Focus on more difficult matches Master Fill-in-the-blank Questions Fill-in-the-blank questions Note the length and number of the blanks Pay attention to how blanks are separated Make an educated guess Reread the sentence to see if what you entered is logical ...
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