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Unformatted text preview: Success With Tests (7)
Success Be Prepared Reduce Your Test Anxiety Develop Test-Taking Skills Review the Test Types of Test Questions Preparation Can Improve
Test Keep up with academic work Attend class, review notes often, read text before class Identify test type and material covered
What topics will the test cover?
The type of questions on the test?
Multiple choice, true/false/ essay, fill-in-the-blank
What material will you be tested on?
Textbook, lecture, both?
Talk to people who have already taken the course
Instructor’s test focus more on textbook, notes
Instructor’s More Preparation Tips
More Create a study plan and schedule
Prepare through careful review Use SQ4R: Survey topics, ask questions, read, record, recite to
anchor concepts, review to solidify your learning
anchor Review your notes: Review regularly, mark up notes, organize
and summarize notes
and Think critically: Work to analyze and understand the material
rather than just repeat facts
rather Make the Most of Last-Minute Study Time Make the most of last-minute studying
Go through your flash cards or study guides
Focus on crucial concepts
Create a last-minute study sheet Arrive early
Write down any facts
on a piece of scrap
paper Cramming An attempt to learn large amounts of information in a short
period of time
period Often backfires Feeling under prepared can increase test anxiety
Feeling Does not provide the brain with time to learn information
thoroughly and accurately
Test Preparation Worksheet General Strategies for Success On Tests Write down key facts
Begin with an overview of the exam
Read test directions
Work from easy to hard
Note the time
Master the art of intelligent guessing
Follow directions on machine-scored tests More General Strategies
More Use critical thinking to avoid errors Recall facts, procedures, rules, and formulas
Think about similarities
Think through causes and effects
Find the best idea to match the example(s) given
Support ideas with examples
Evaluate each test question Test Anxiety Test Anxiety is a learned behavior.
Test It can be unlearned. Do you have test anxiety? Page 117
Do Sources of Test Anxiety
Score 10 or Above on Test Anxiety
Assessment Think about situations that trigger worry & anxiety:
The word “test”
The night before the exam
The morning of the exam
Walking into the classroom to take the exam
Hearing other students talk about the exam
A test item that you’re not sure how to answer
The instructor passing out the exam to the class Three or Four Scenarios Write down three or four scenarios that apply to you.
Beside the scenarios, write the exact thoughts that run
through your mind when you are in that situation.
“Oh no, I’m going to fail!
“I should know this answer!”
“This is terrible!” Managing Test Anxiety Change How you Physically React
Change Natural reaction to perceived threat Breathing becomes shallow, digestion slows down, heart beats faster,
muscles tense etc.
muscles Body is ready to react to threat, such as an animal running in front of your
car. These symptoms work against you when you are taking an
exam Lose concentration and mental acuity Two simple techniques will alter your response Reducing Physically Reaction Deep Breathing & Muscle Relaxation Train yourself to replace tense response with calming
response. Focus on breathing in & out with big breaths Focus on relaxing muscles from head to toe Practice several times a day
Practice Create feeling of deep relaxation to free your mind to
concentrate Reducing Physical Reaction
Reducing Mental Imagery etc.
etc. Think if a place or an event that evokes a feeling of relaxation, satisfaction Desensitize Yourself Use all of your senses to reconstruct a realistic version of this event
This situation becomes your “mental trigger” Practice mental imagery & breathing with situations of anxiety from least
to Do page 124 Reducing Test Anxiety Develop Test-Wiseness Four-step Plan of Action for Taking Exams Before beginning the exam – jot down details you fear you
might Preview the entire and note: length, type of questions, difficulty
level After completing the test, review questions you have left blank
or marked for review
or Review the test, rereading directions, slowly reread each
question Test Anxiety Tips Coping with anxiety
Get plenty of rest the night before
Relax using guided imagery/breathing Test anxiety and the returning student
Focus on the value of your life skills
Focus on how life has given you context for understanding concepts
Help children understand your goals Reducing Math Anxiety http://www.onlinecollegeprep.com/MathAnxietyReductio
n/AIntro/AIntroFull.html http://www.studygs.net/ Strategies For Success on
Math Use special techniques for math tests Read through the exam first
Analyze problems carefully
Estimate before you begin
Break calculations into small pieces
Recall how you solved similar problems
Draw a picture to help you see the problem
Use the opposite operation to check your work
Be sure you did everything that the question asked Look For Qualifying Words Words or phrases that moderate an “extreme” idea Indicate statement’s message is not a hard-and-fast
rule Presence of qualifying words suggest that exceptions,
omission, misstatements, or errors are possible
omission, It never rains in June. False It definitely rains in June. False Qualifying Words Absolute -Definitely, absolutely, always, certainly.
In-between - Usually, somewhat, most, typically,
possible, sometimes, generally.
maybe, In-between - Perhaps, in my judgment, to some
extent Absolute - Never, have to, none
Absolute Qualifying Words
Qualifying “It usually rains in June” = True (This allows for one
June in the past in which we had absolutely no rain)
June Remember: If general qualifying words are present, the statement tends to
be If absolute, extreme words are present, the statement often is
false Try It Out! T/F In the year 2150, the projected worldwide life expectance will be
86 years old.
The world’s crude-oil reserves likely will run out by the year 2063.
Stress plays a role in all physical illness because of its effect on
the immune system.
You should plan for some leisure activity during the day –
everybody needs a break.
everybody Watch For Key Words Pay attention to word choices Look for key words or phrases in both objective and essay
exams Example: What is the main effect of the Hitler Jugend on events leading to the
Holocaust? Main – may be many effects, instructor looking for foremost
effect Effect – looking for cause and effect connection between ideas Terms associated with question – Hitler Jugend and Holocaust
crucial terms for cause and effect connection
crucial Master Multiple Choice Questions Multiple-choice questions Carefully read the directions
Read each question thoroughly
Underline key words and phrases – main effect Pay attention to words that could throw you off
Which of the following is “not”……….
Watch for qualifying words and absolute words
Answer the question in your head w/o reading answers
Read every word of every answer
Eliminate answers you know or suspect are wrong
Select the more specific and inclusive choice
With a reading passage, read the questions first Try It Out! “Soy isolate” is: A white powdered food that is 90 % protein
A white powdered food that is 90 % carbohydrate
A chemical compound used in kitchen utensils.
A&B Multiple Choice Examples: In one research study, college students had more
accurate The students needed repetitive coaxing.
The students did not have more accurate memories.
When they exhibited abnormal disorders.
When they had high blood sugar levels. Multiple Choice Examples An instructional method that does NOT enhance creative
a. Establishing pre-set rules.
b. Establishing collaborative learning groups.
c. Using illustrations.
d. Using independent study topics Essay Questions Essay questions Start by reading the questions Watch for multiple parts Look for action/directive words Analyze, compare, contrast, describe, explain, summarize Plan what to write Jot down immediate thoughts
Circle key words Draft your essay Start with a thesis statement Read through your draft
Edit for grammar, spelling and punctuation errors
Edit Essay Questions
Essay Instructors often expect students to exhibit higher-level
thought processes when answering essay questions.
thought Understanding of directive words
Understanding directive Specific words signaling what the instructor expects in your
answer Orient you as to what to include and how to organize your
answer Directive Words Compare and contrast
Trace Page 132 Figure 7.5 Review the Test Learn from your mistakes If instructor does not go over test in class, make an
appointment to do so
appointment Review questions from exam
Review Apply concepts
Examine case studies
Distinguish similarities or differences Master T/F and Matching
Test True-or-false questions
Look for qualifiers – all, only, and always
Understand the directions
Work from the column with the longest entries
Start with matches you know
Focus on more difficult matches Master Fill-in-the-blank Questions Fill-in-the-blank questions
Note the length and number of the blanks
Pay attention to how blanks are separated
Make an educated guess
Reread the sentence to see if what you entered is logical ...
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- Summer '06