chapter5 - Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in...

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Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 5 Chapter 5 Infancy: Physical Development
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Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 5 The head of the newborn child doubles in length by adulthood, but the legs increase in length about five times. Infants triple their birth weight within a year. Infancy: Physical Development: Truth or Fiction?
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Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 5 Breastfeeding helps prevent obesity later in life. A child’s brain reaches half of its adult weight by the age of 1 year. Infancy: Physical Development: Truth or Fiction?
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Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 5 The cerebral cortex – the outer layer of the brain that is vital to human thought and reason – is only one-eighth of an inch thick. Native American Hopi infants spend the first year of life strapped to a board, yet they begin to walk at about the same time as children who are reared in other cultures. Infancy: Physical Development: Truth or Fiction?
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Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 5 Infants need to have experience crawling before they develop fear of heights. Infancy: Physical Development: Truth or Fiction?
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Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 5 Infancy: Physical Development Physical Growth and Development
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Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 5 Cephalocaudal Development Upper part of the head to the lower parts of the body Proximodistal Development Trunk outward – from body’s central axis toward periphery Differentiation Tendency of behavior to become more specific and distinct What are the Sequences of Physical Development?
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Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 5 Weight doubles at about 5 months; triples by first birthday Height increase by 50% in first year Infants grow 4 to 6 inches in second year; and gain 4 to 7 pounds Growth appears continuous but actually occurs in spurts What Patterns of Growth Occur in Infancy?
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Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 5 Figure 5.1 Growth Curves for Weight and Height (Length) From Birth to Age 2 Years
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Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 5 Figure 5.2 Changes in the Proportions of the Body
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Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 5 Growth impairment during infancy and early childhood Causes may be organic or non-organic Biologically based or non-biologically based Links to physical, cognitive, behavioral and emotional problems Deficiencies in caregiver-child interaction may play a role Canalization – catch up growth once FTT is resolved What is Failure to Thrive?
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Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus
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chapter5 - Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in...

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