Chapter6 - Childhood and Adolescence Voyages in Development Second Edition Spencer A Rathus Chapter 6 Chapter 6 Infancy Cognitive Development

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Unformatted text preview: Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 6 Chapter 6 Infancy: Cognitive Development Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 6 For 2-month-old infants, “out of sight” is “out of mind,” A 1-hour-old infant may imitate an adult who sticks out his or her tongue. Infancy: Cognitive Development Truth or Fiction? Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 6 Psychologists can begin to measure intelligence in infancy. Infant crying is a primitive form of language. Infancy: Cognitive Development Truth or Fiction? Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 6 You can advance children’s development of pronunciation by correcting their errors. Children are “prewired” to listen to language in such a way that they come to understand rules of grammar. Infancy: Cognitive Development Truth or Fiction? Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 6 Cognitive Development Jean Piaget Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 6 • Focus on development of children’s way of perceiving and mentally representing the world • Schemes – Concepts • Assimilate – “Fit” new ideas into existing schemes • Accommodate – Modify schemes to accept new ideas Cognitive Development – Jean Piaget Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 6 • Development through sensory and motor activity • Birth through 2 years • Progress from reflex responses to goal oriented behavior – Form mental representations – Hold complex pictures of past events in mind – Solve problems by mental trial and error What is the Sensorimotor Stage of Cognitive Development? Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 6 • Simple Reflexes – Birth to 1 month – Modify reflexes based on experience • Primary Circular Reactions – 1 to 4 months – Primary = focus on infant’s own body – Circular = repeated behaviors • Secondary Circular Reactions – 4 to 8 months – Secondary = focus on objects or environmental events – Track moving objects until they disappear from view What are the Parts or Substages of the Sensorimotor Development? Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 6 • Coordination of Secondary Schemes – 8 to 12 months – Coordinate schemes to attain specific goals – Begin to imitate others • Tertiary Circular Reactions – 12 to 18 months – Deliberate trial and error behaviors • Invention of New Means Through Mental Combinations – 18 to 24 months – External exploration is replaced by mental exploration....
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course TECA 1354 taught by Professor Susyamathews during the Fall '11 term at Collins.

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Chapter6 - Childhood and Adolescence Voyages in Development Second Edition Spencer A Rathus Chapter 6 Chapter 6 Infancy Cognitive Development

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