chapter9 - Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in...

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Unformatted text preview: Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 9 Chapter 9 Early Childhood: Cognitive Development Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 9 A preschooler’s having imaginary playmates is a sign of loneliness or psychological problems. Two-year-olds tend to assume that their parents are aware of everything that is happening to them, even when their parents are not present. Early Childhood: Cognitive Development Truth or Fiction? Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 9 “Because Mommy wants me to” may be a perfectly good explanation – for a 3-year-old. One and 2-year olds are too young to remember the past. Early Childhood: Cognitive Development Truth or Fiction? Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 9 Children’s levels of intelligence – not just their knowledge – are influenced by early learning experiences. A highly academic preschool education provides children with advantages in school later on. Early Childhood: Cognitive Development Truth or Fiction? Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 9 During her third year, a girl explained that she and her mother had finished singing a song by saying, “We singed it all up.” Three-year-olds usually say “Daddy goed away” instead of “Daddy went away” because they do understand the rules of grammar. Early Childhood: Cognitive Development Truth or Fiction? Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 9 Jean Piaget’s Preoperational Stage Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 9 • Symbolic thought and play • Pretend play – 12-13 months – familiar activities; i.e. feed themselves – 15-20 months – focus on others; i.e. feed doll – 30 months – others take active role; i.e. doll feeds itself • Imaginary Friends – More common among first-born and only children How Do Children in the Preoperational Stage Think and Behave? Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 9 • Lack of logical operations – No flexible or reversible mental operations • Egocentrism – Only view the world through their own perspective – Three-mountain test How Do We Characterize the Logic of the Preoperational Child? Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 9 Figure 9.1 The Three-Mountains Test Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. Rathus Chapter 9 • Causality – Influenced by egocentrism • Caused by will – Precausal thinking • Transductive reasoning • Animism • Artifim • Confusion between mental and physical phenomena – Believe their thoughts reflect external reality – Believe dreams are true How Do We Characterize the Logic of the Preoperational Child? Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A. RathusChildhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development, Second Edition, Spencer A....
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course TECA 1354 taught by Professor Susyamathews during the Fall '11 term at Collins.

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chapter9 - Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in...

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