Texas Judiciary

Texas Judiciary - By Loren Miller MUNICIPAL COURTS Most...

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Unformatted text preview: By Loren Miller MUNICIPAL COURTS Most municipal judges are selected by the city Most municipal judges are selected by the city council, some are elected. council, some are elected. Only 40% have a law degree Only 40% have a law degree 915 cities/1490 judges 915 cities/1490 judges 2010 MUNICIPAL COURTS TRIAL COURTS Municipal Courts Criminal Cases JUSTICE OF THE PEACE From 1 to 16 JP courts per county Minor criminal and civil cases (small claims court) Elected in partisan elections for a 4 year term (N = 822) Only 9% have a law degree Other duties may include: conducting marriages acting as coroner issuing warrants 2010 JUSTICE OF THE PEACE TRIAL COURTS Municipal Courts Criminal Cases Justice of the Peace Criminal & Civil Cases COUNTY COURTS Class A and B Misdemeanors More “major” ($$) civil cases Hear trial de novo cases Elected in partisan election for a 4 year term COUNTY JUDGE Must be “well-informed” in the law; fewer than 30% have a law degree Presiding officer on Commissioners Court In rural counties, the county judge also hears cases COUNTY COURT AT LAW Elected in partisan election for a 4 year term Must be an attorney; 4 years experience Found in “urban” counties 231 judges in 85 counties Urban counties have a county judge as well as county court at law judges 2010 COUNTY COURTS TRIAL COURTS Municipal Courts Criminal Cases Justice of the Peace Criminal & Civil Cases Constitutional County Cts. Civil & Criminal Cases Trial de novo County Courts at Law Civil & Criminal Cases Trial de novo Less than 1% Less than 5% DISTRICT COURTS Original jurisdiction in felony cases Original jurisdiction in “major” ($$) civil cases (divorces) Elected in partisan election for a 4 year term (but most receive their initial position by appointment) 453 judges Must have a law degree; 4 years experience 2010 DISTRICT COURT...
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course GOVT 2302 taught by Professor Mackharvey during the Spring '11 term at Collins.

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Texas Judiciary - By Loren Miller MUNICIPAL COURTS Most...

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