Chapter_6

Chapter_6 - CHAPTER 6 What was the sexual revolution, and...

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CHAPTER 6
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What was the sexual revolution, and how did it change U.S. society? Why do societies try to control people’s sexual behavior? How does sexuality play a part in social inequality?
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Sexuality is a theme found almost everywhere Sex industry is a multibillion-dollar business U.S. culture has long treated sex as taboo
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Sex: A Biological Issue SEX The biological distinction between females and males From a biological viewpoint: the way humans reproduce Sex of an embryo guides its development
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Sex and the Body PRIMARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS The genitals, organs used for reproduction People reach sexual maturity at puberty SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS Bodily development, apart from the genitals, that distinguishes biologically mature females and males Sex is not the same as gender Gender is an element of culture and refers to personal traits and patterns of behavior a culture attaches to being male or female
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Intersexual People People whose bodies (including genitals) have both female and male characteristics Hermaphrodite Has both female ovaries and male testis Our culture demands that sex be clear-cut Some respond to intersexuals with confusion or disgust
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Transexuals People who feel they are one sex even though biologically they are the other Transgendered Disregarding conventional ideas about how females and males should look and behave Gender Reassignment Surgical alteration of the genitals, usually accompanied by hormone treatments
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Sex: A Cultural Issue Sexuality has a biological foundation Like other elements of human nature, sexuality is also a cultural issue Biology does not dictate specific ways of being sexual
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CULTURAL VARIATION Every sexual practice shows variation from one society to another Displaying affection varies among societies Modesty is culturally variable Some societies restrict sexuality and others are more permissive
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The Incest Taboo Incest Taboo A norm forbidding sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives Found in every society in the world Reason some form of incest exist everywhere Biology – Reproduction between close relatives of any species increases the odds of producing offspring with mental and physical problems
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Controlling sexuality between close relatives is a necessary element of social organization Incest taboo limits sexual competition in families Because family ties define people’s rights and obligations toward one another, reproduction between close relatives would confuse kinship By requiring people to marry outside their immediate families, the incest taboo integrates the larger society
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America’s cultural attitudes toward sexuality has always been something of a contradiction
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Efforts to regulate sexuality continued into the 20 th century U.S. culture is individualistic People have the freedom to do what they wish as
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Chapter_6 - CHAPTER 6 What was the sexual revolution, and...

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