Chapter_14

Chapter_14 - CHAPTER 14 How are schooling and health linked...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 14 How are schooling and health linked to social inequality in the United States? What changes in schooling and health have taken place in the United States in recent generations? Why do people in poor nations have little access to schooling and medical care? EDUCATION The social institution through which society provides its members with important knowledge, including basic facts, job skills, and cultural norms and values SCHOOLING Formal instruction under the direction of specially trained teachers Schooling and Economic Development The extent of schooling in any society is tied to its level of economic development Low-income countries have little schooling 1/3 rd of the worlds people cannot read or write Global comparisons made between India Japan United States The Functions of Schooling Structural-functional analysis: Socialization Cultural innovation Social integration Social placement Latent functions CRITICAL REVIEW Overlooks how the classroom behavior of teachers and students can vary from one setting to another Says little about many problems of the educational system and how schooling helps reproduce the class structure in each generation SCHOOLING AND SOCIAL INTERACTION THE SELF FUL-FILLING PROPHECY People who expect others to act in certain ways often encourage that very behavior Jane Elliott Blue Eyes CRITICAL REVIEW People do not just make up beliefs about superiority and inferiority These beliefs are built into a societys system of social inequality SCHOOLING AND SOCIAL INEQUALITY Social-conflict challenges structural- functional idea that schooling develops everyones talents and abilities Three ways schooling causes and perpetuates social inequality Social control Standardized testing Tracking Assigning students to different types of educational programs Public and Private Schools Parochial Of the Parish Catholic schools Protestant private schools Christian Academies Students in private schools outperform those in public schools Smaller classes, demanding coursework, greater discipline Public Schools Difference in funding between rich and poor communities result in unequal resources Schools in more affluent areas offer better schooling than in poor communities Social Capital Students whose families value schooling Read to their children Encourage the development of imagination Home environment is an important influence on school performance Differences in home and local neighborhood matter most in childrens learning Access to Higher Education 67% of US high school graduates enroll in college immediately after graduation Crucial factor affecting access is income Economic differences is reason for education gap between minorities and whites Completing college brings rewards Higher earnings Greater Opportunity: Expanding...
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Chapter_14 - CHAPTER 14 How are schooling and health linked...

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