Chapter1 - CHAPTER 1 What makes the sociological...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 1 What makes the sociological perspective a new and exciting way of seeing the world? Why is sociology an important tool for your future career? How do sociologists conduct research to learn about the social world? Sociology The systematic study of human society At the heart of the discipline is a distinctive point of view called the sociological perspective Peter Berger (1963) described the sociological perspective Seeing the general in the particular Sociology helps us see general patterns in the behavior of particular people Individuals are unique Society shapes the lives of people in various categories Children Adults Women and men Rich and poor Many people find using the sociological perspective amounts to Seeing the Strange in the Familiar Looking at life sociologically requires giving up the familiar idea we live life in terms of our own decisions in favor of the strange notion that society shapes those decisions Emile Durkheim (18581917) Showed that social forces are at work Provides strong evidence of how social forces affect individual behavior Durkheims Logic Higher suicide among Whites and men reflect greater wealth and freedom Lower rate among women and people of color reflect limited social choices Two situations allow clear sight of how society shapes individual lives Living on the margins of society Living through a social crisis Outsider Not part of the dominant group and an everyday experience The greater a persons marginality, the better able they are to use the sociological perspective. People at the margins of social life Women Gay people People with disabilities Elderly These people are aware of social patterns that others rarely think about To become better at using the sociological perspective Step back from familiar routines Look at your lives with new curiosity Periods of change or crisis makes everyone feel off balance encouraging the use of the sociological perspective C. Wright Mills (1959) Mills believed Using the sociological imagination helps people understand their society and how it affects their own lives Global Perspective The study of the larger world and our societys place in it. What is the importance of a global perspective for sociology? Global awareness is a logical extension of the sociological perspective. Sociology shows that our place in society profoundly affects our life experiences. The position of our society in the larger world system affects everyone in the U.S. High Income Nations Nations with the highest overall standards of living Middle-Income Countries Nations with a standard of living about average for the world as a whole Low-Income Countries Nations with a low standard of living in which most people are poor Thinking globally helps us learn more about ourselves.Thinking globally helps us learn more about ourselves....
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Chapter1 - CHAPTER 1 What makes the sociological...

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