Chapter 44 Urinalysis

Chapter 44 Urinalysis - Chapter 44 Urinalysis 1...

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Chapter 44 Urinalysis 1
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Characteristics of the urine ¢ Color l Pale yellow to amber Urochrome pigment from the destruction of hemoglobin l Transparency Clear l Normal change in the color Foods, medications, etc 2
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Characteristics of the urine ¢ Odor l Subtle fresh urine – characteristic l Ammonia-like in standing urine 3
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Characteristics of the urine ¢ pH l 4.5-8.0 l Acid ash foods Proteins, whole wheat l Alkaline ash foods Vegetables l Bacterial infections Increases the alkalinity of the urine 4
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Characteristics of the urine ¢ Specific gravity l It is the relative weight of a specific volume of liquid compared with an equal volume of distilled water l Urine:1.001-1.030 <1.001=highly diluted urine >1.03=highly concentrated urine 5
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Characteristics of the urine l Diluted urine Diuretics Diabetes insipidus Excessive water drinking l Concentrated urine Pyelonephritis Limited fluid intake Dehydration 6
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Characteristics of the urine l Renal calculi Caused by the precipitation and crystallization of the solutes of the urine 7
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Chapter 44 Urinalysis - Chapter 44 Urinalysis 1...

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