Learning Theory

Learning Theory - Behavioral and Evolutionary Perspectives...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Behavioral and Evolutionary Perspectives § Behavioral Perspective § Evolutionary Perspective
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
T/F A single nauseating meal can give rise to a taste aversion that lasts for years. T/F During World War II, a psychologist created a missile that would use pigeons to guide the missile to its target. T/F Slot-machine players pop coins into the machines most rapidly when they have no idea when they might win. T/F You have to make mistakes to learn. T/F Despite all the media hoopla, no scientific connection has been True or False?
Background image of page 2
Learning: q A process through which experience produces lasting change in behavior or mental processes. Behavioral learning: q Forms of learning that can be described in terms of stimuli and responses. Neutral stimulus: q Any stimulus that produces no conditioned response prior to learning. Behavioral Perspective
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Creator: Ivan Pavlov § Pavlovian Conditioning § Respondent conditioning § S-R Psychology "Essentially, only one thing in life is of real interest to us - our psychical experience. Its mechanism, however, was and still is shrouded in profound obscurity.“ ______________________________________________________________ _ Basic Elements: Elicits a reflexive response in the absence of learning. Classical Conditioning Unconditioned stimulus (UCS) Unconditioned response (UCR) Conditioned stimulus (CS) Conditioned response (CR)
Background image of page 4
Classical Conditioning
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Principles of Classical Conditioning
Background image of page 6
Principles of Classical Conditioning (1) Acquisition (CS + UCS) (3) Spontaneous Recovery (CS alone) Rest period (2) Extinction (CS alone) (Time) Trials Strength of the CR (Weak) (Strong)
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Higher-order conditioning: q Procedure in which a neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus through association with an already established CS. Stimulus generalization: q Similar CS elicits the CR. Stimulus discrimination: q Similar CS fails to elicit the CR. Principles of Classical Conditioning
Background image of page 8
John B. Watson (1878-1958) Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select – doctor, lawyer, artist,
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course PSYCH 2301 taught by Professor Michaelrose during the Fall '12 term at Collins.

Page1 / 28

Learning Theory - Behavioral and Evolutionary Perspectives...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online