Biological.Motor and Sensory

Biological.Motor and Sensory - Motor, Sensory, and...

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Unformatted text preview: Motor, Sensory, and Perceptual Development § Motor Development § Sensory and Perceptual Development § Perceptual-Motor Coupling Dynamic Systems View ¡ Seeks to explain how motor behaviors are assembled for perceiving and acting. ¡ Motivation leads to new motor behavior; a convergence of: ¡ Nervous system development ¡ Body’s physical properties ¡ Child’s motivation to reach goal ¡ Environmental support for the skill Motor Development Reflexes ¡ Built-in reactions to stimuli: ¡ Govern newborn’s movements ¡ Genetically carried survival mechanisms ¡ Allow adaptation to environment ¡ Provides opportunity to learn ¡ Some disappear (e.g.: grasping), some last throughout life (e.g.: coughing) Motor Development Reflexes Motor Development Moro reflex Rooting reflex Sucking reflex Startle response in reaction to sudden, intense noise or movement Reaction when infant’s cheek is stroked or side of mouth touched Automatic sucking object placed in newborn’s mouth Grasping reflex Occurs when something touches infant’s palms; infant response is to grasp tightly Gross Motor Skills ¡ Motor skills that involve large-muscle activities (milestones achieved) ¡ Infancy • Development of posture • Locomotion and crawling • Learning to walk • Help of caregivers important; cultural variation exists • More skilled and mobile in second year Motor Development Motor Development Milestones in Gross Motor Development Gross Motor Skills ¡ Childhood • Improved walking, running, jumping, climbing, learn organized sports’ skills • Positive and negative sport outcomes • Movement smoother with age ¡ Adolescence- Skills continue to improve ¡ Adulthood • Peak performance of most sports before 30 • Biological functions decline with age Motor Development Guidelines for Parents and Coaches of Children in Sports...
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course PSYCH 2314 taught by Professor Michaelrose during the Spring '11 term at Collins.

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Biological.Motor and Sensory - Motor, Sensory, and...

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