Cognitive.Information Processing

Cognitive.Information Processing - The Information...

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Information processing § The Information Processing Approach § Memory § Thinking
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Computer and Human Comparison The Information-Processing Approach
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Mechanisms of Processing The Information-Processing Approach Encoding Automaticity Strategy Construction Mechanism by which information gets into memory Ability to process information with little or no effort Discovering new procedure for processing information Metacognition Cognition about cognition, or “knowing about knowing”
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Speed of Processing Information Assessed using reaction time tasks. Changes in speed processing: Improves dramatically through childhood and adolescence. Changes due to both myelination and experience. Decline begins in middle adulthood; continues into late adulthood. The Information-Processing Approach
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Does Processing Speed Matter? Linked with competence in thinking. Efficient strategies can compensate for slower reaction times and speed (mental retardation). Processing linked to accumulated knowledge and abilities to perform.
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Newborns can detect contours and fixate. 4-month-olds have selective attention. Joint attention begins in 7-8 month olds. Control over selective attention shows: Preschooler attends to external salient stimuli. Child of 6 to 7 attentive to relevant information. Ability to shift attention increases with age; allows for more complex task involvement. _________________________________________________ Less adept at selective attention. Attention
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course PSYCH 2314 taught by Professor Michaelrose during the Spring '11 term at Collins.

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Cognitive.Information Processing - The Information...

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