Cognitive.Intelligence

Cognitive.Intelligence - The Concept of Intelligence...

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intelligence § The Concept of Intelligence § Controversies and Group Comparisons § The Development of
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What Is Intelligence? Similar to thinking and memory skills. Cannot be directly measured. Ability to solve problems; adapt to and learn from everyday experiences. Individual differences are stable, consistent. The Concept of Intelligence
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Intelligence Tests The Binet Test: Mental age (MA) - Individual’s level of mental development relative to others. Chronological age (CA)- Age from birth. Intelligence quotient (IQ) - Individual’s MA divided CA , multiplied by 100. The Concept of Intelligence
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The Normal Curve and Stanford-Binet IQ Scores The Concept of Intelligence
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The Wechsler Scales WAIS-IV — For adults. WISC-IV — For children. Provides overall IQ Measures verbal IQ Six verbal subscales Measures performance IQ Five performance subscales The Concept of Intelligence
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The Use and Misuse of Intelligence Tests Intelligence tests: Tools dependant upon user skill and knowledge. Substantially correlated with school performance. Moderately correlated with work performance; correlation decreases as experience increases. IQ tests can easily lead to false expectations and generalizations; self-fulfilling prophecies. Measures only current performance. The Concept of Intelligence
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Theories of Multiple Intelligences Controversy over breaking intelligence down into multiple abilities: Spearman’s Two-Factor Theory : Factor analysis correlates test scores into clusters or factors. Thurstone’s Multiple-Factor Theory : Seven abilities. Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences: Certain cognitive abilities can survive brain damage. The Concept of Intelligence
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Theories of Multiple Intelligences The Concept of Intelligence Two-factor theory Individuals have both general intelligence and specific intelligences. Multiple-
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course PSYCH 2314 taught by Professor Michaelrose during the Spring '11 term at Collins.

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Cognitive.Intelligence - The Concept of Intelligence...

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