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Research Methods - Five Basic Goals in Research Basic...

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Five Basic Goals in Research Basic Research Process Types of Research
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Research Methods Being a Wise Consumer of Information: Media only publishes parts of research when of public interest. All information for public consumption may be: Oversimplified, condensed with few details Distorted or exaggerated People must consider information carefully: Separate group from individual outcomes Do not over generalize from small sample Look for additional information on a study Do not attribute causes when none exist Evaluate the source of information
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0 25 5 30 15 10 20 Girls Boys Percentage parent–child interactions in which the parent explained science concepts Parents’ Explanations of Science to Sons and Daughters at a Science Museum
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Five Basic Goals in Research Describe: Explain: Why did the subject produce the behavior? Predict: The best predictor of future behavior is past behavior. Control: What can we do to change the behavior? Improve:
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Research Methods Main Types of Psychological Research: Basic : Study of psychological issues in order to seek knowledge for its own sake. Applied : Study of psychological issues that have direct practical significance, application.
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Research Methods Types of research: Descriptive: observes and records behavior Laboratory research Naturalistic observation Surveys and interviews Standardized tests Case studies Life-history records Physiological measures
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Research Methods Two main divisions of research: Correlational research- Measures relationships No causation Experimental research-
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