Hormoes and Therapy

Hormoes and Therapy - Sex Differences and Defects § Sexual...

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Unformatted text preview: Sex Differences and Defects § Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies § Hormones Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies • Statistical definition – ▫ An abnormal sexual behavior is rare or not practiced by many people. • Sociological approach – ▫ Sexual behavior that violates the norms of society. • Psychological approach – ▫ Criteria include discomfort, inefficiency, and bizarreness. • Medical approach – ▫ The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders recognizes 8 paraphilias. Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies Normal-Abnormal Continuum : • Normal and abnormal sexual behavior are not two separate categories, but rather gradations on a continuum. Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies Compulsive Sexual Behavior : • A disorder in which the individual experiences intense, sexually arousing fantasies, urges, and associated sexual behaviors. ▫ Intrusive, driven, and repetitive. ▫ Lacking in impulse control. ▫ Often incur social and legal sanctions. ▫ Interfere with personal and occupational functioning. ▫ Create health risks. Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies • Fetishism is characterized by sexual fantasies, urges, or behaviors involving use of nonliving objects: ▫ To produce or enhance sexual arousal. ▫ With or in the absence of a partner. ▫ Over a period of at least six months. ▫ Causing significant distress. Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies • Learning theory : ▫ Fetishes result from classical conditioning, in which a learned association is built between the fetish object and sexual arousal and organism. • Cognitive theory : ▫ Fetishists have a serious cognitive distortion in that they perceive a nonconventional stimulus as erotic. Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies Transvestism : • Refers to dressing as a member of the other gender. • Drag queens are male homosexuals that dress up as women. • Female impersonators are men who dress as women, often as part of an entertainment job. Transvestite fetishism : Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies • Sadist - A person who derives sexual satisfaction from inflicting pain on another person. • Masochist - A person who derives sexual satisfaction from experiencing pain. • Sadomasochism (S-M) Rare form of sexual behavior. ▫ Causes are not precisely known. Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies • Bondage and discipline – ▫ Use of physical or psychological restraints to enforce servitude....
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course PSYCH 2306 taught by Professor Michaelrose during the Spring '11 term at Collins.

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Hormoes and Therapy - Sex Differences and Defects § Sexual...

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