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Assessment, Measurement and Design

Assessment, Measurement and Design - Personality Assessment...

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Personality Assessment, Measurement, and Research Methods § Sources of Personality Data § Evaluation of Personality Measures § Research Design in
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Sources of Personality Data Self-Report Data (S-Data) Observer-Report Data (O-Data) Test-Data (T-Data) Life-Outcome Data (L-Data)
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Self-Report Data (S-Data) Information provided by a person, such as through a survey or interview. ________________________________________________________________ Individuals have access to a wealth of information about themselves that is inaccessible to anyone else. S-data personality test types: Unstructured items—open-ended Structured items—response options provided Limitations of S-data: People may not respond honestly People may lack accurate self-knowledge
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Observer-Report Data (O-Data) Information provided by someone else about another person. _______________________________________________ _____________________________ Key features of O-data: Provide access to information not attainable through other sources. Multiple observers can be used to assess a person. Selecting observers:
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Observer-Report Data (O-Data) Naturalistic vs. Artificial Observation: Naturalistic observation: Observers witness and record events that occur in the normal course of lives of the participants. Naturalistic observation has the advantage of being able to secure information in realistic context, but at the cost of not being able to control events witnessed.
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