Sex and Gender

Sex and Gender - Sex and Gender Science and Politics of...

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Sex and Gender § Science and Politics of Gender § Sex Differences § Androgyny § Gender Stereotypes
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The Science and Politics of Studying Sex and Gender Study of sex differences is controversial: Findings of sex differences might be used to support political agendas. Findings of sex differences merely reflect gender stereotypes rather than real differences. Discoveries of sex differences may merely reflect biases of scientists, rather than objective reality.
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History of the Study of Sex Differences Prior to 1973, there was little attention paid to sex differences. 1974, Maccoby and Jacklyn published a book, The Psychology of Sex Differences. Set off an avalanche of work on sex differences. Maccoby and Jacklyn presented an informal summary of research. Researchers developed more precise quantitative procedures for examining conclusions across studies and thus for determining sex differences: Meta- analysis.
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Calculation of Effect Size: How Large Are the Sex Differences Effect size ( d ): § .20 = small, .50 = medium, .80 = large § Positive d means men higher, negative d means women higher.
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Minimalists and Maximalists Minimalists: Sex differences are small and inconsequential. Maximalists: Size of sex differences should not be trivialized.
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Sex Differences in Personality Extraversion or Surgency: Women score slightly higher on gregariousness ( d = –.15) Men score slightly higher on activity level ( d = . 09)
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course PSYCH 2316 taught by Professor Michaelrose during the Spring '11 term at Collins.

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Sex and Gender - Sex and Gender Science and Politics of...

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