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airport_landside - Airport Landside Analysis and Modeling...

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Advanced Airport and Airspace Capacity Seminar 1 of 140 Airport Landside Analysis and Modeling Dr. Antonio A. Trani Associate Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering Virginia Tech June 12-13, 2002
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Advanced Airport and Airspace Capacity Seminar 2 of 140 Material Presented in this Section Brief description of terminal concepts + horizontal distribution + vertical distribution + landside components Future directions and impacts Some analytic techniques to model and simulate terminals
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Advanced Airport and Airspace Capacity Seminar 3 of 140 Purpose of the Discussion To review and understand the basic airport terminal concepts To discuss modeling techniques applicable to primary and secondary flows inside the airport terminal Discussion of challenges in airport terminal modeling Passenger behavior modeling Shopping activities inside airport terminals Security implications
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Advanced Airport and Airspace Capacity Seminar 4 of 140 Basic review of Terminal Concepts Goals in the design of airport terminals : Walking distances (keep them short) Pleasing environment (helps the traveler) Services (well located and available) Security (minimize threat potential) Cost effective (typically includes concessions) Aesthetics (good waiting environment) Sometimes these goals contradict each other (i.e., like the cost effectiveness vs. aesthetics)
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Advanced Airport and Airspace Capacity Seminar 5 of 140 Airport Terminal Concepts Horizontal Distribution 1) Linear 2) Pier-Finger 3) Satellite 4)Transporter Combinations of these are possible In fact, most airport terminals evolve over time from one concept to another one (i.e., linear to pier and then to satellite or transporter) Landside configurations have either centralized or decentralized services
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Advanced Airport and Airspace Capacity Seminar 6 of 140 Airport Terminal Concepts (cont.) Vertical Distribution 1) One floor terminals 2) One and a half floor terminals 3) Two floor terminals Used to separate arrival and departing flows Provide and added level of security in today’s environment
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Advanced Airport and Airspace Capacity Seminar 7 of 140 Linear Concept (Centralized Terminal) Source: IATA Airport Development Reference Manual
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Advanced Airport and Airspace Capacity Seminar 8 of 140 Linear Centralized Terminal (Advantages) Short walking distances if check-in facilities are decentralized (and not many transfer passengers) Good for passenger orientation Provides generous curb length Easy and cheap to construct Requires simple baggage conveying/sorting systems (reduces the procurement and operation cost of the baggage conveyance system) Good for separation of arriving and departing passengers
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Advanced Airport and Airspace Capacity Seminar 9 of 140 Linear Centralized Terminal (Disadvantages) Decentralization requires duplication of services Potentially long walking distances for transfer passengers or with centralized services
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