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1.Identify and Describe Broken Windows Theory and how it can be used to reduce crime.Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the theory.Of the weaknesses you've identified above, explain what you consider to be the main criticism ofthe Broken Windows theory and why.Your essay should be well-developed (3-4 paragraphs) using at least two scholarly references andwritten in APA format.The Broken Windows Theory presented by George Kelling and James Wilson in 1982 established a concept where visible signs of crime and disorder (broken windows) leads to an environment that encourages further crime and/or more serious crimes. This theory can be effective in reducing crime by empowering citizens within a community to be proactive in assisting police officers with the identification and reporting of those petty criminals/crimes in order to prevent, or deter, worse crimes. With this approach, a community policing approach is embraced by all and the community becomes a team in combating criminals and crimes. Additional strengths of this theory evolving into community policing, as listed by a reputable Police Chief, include felt presence, order maintenance, problem solving and law enforcement (Aragon, 2004).Since the mainstream implementation of the Broken Windows Theory in New York City during the 1990’s, weaknesses and criticisms of the theory have evolved. Some of these criticisms had been identified by the Theory’s authors such as concerns of equity and potential discrimination and bigotry concerns (Kelling & Wilson, 1982). These criticisms still account for the majority of concerns today along with an unknown, or unproven, linkage between broken windows and crime rates. As stated by writers Welsh, Braga and Bruinsma (2015) regarding the
Broken Windows Theory, “The available empirical evidence on the connections between disorder and subsequent crime is voluminous and mixed.”The previously identified weaknesses are written about in a variety of different ways that commonly use datasets based on economic status, ethnicity, and gender to name a few. Of the identified weaknesses, the one that raises the greatest concern is that of abuse of power. Abuse of power can take many forms, which is why it is so concerning. It could take place at the lowestlevel all the way up to top police officials or current administrations.