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1Policing: Its Origin, Evolution, and Future in Law Enforcement AgenciesHomeland Security (BA), American Military UniversityCMRJ203 – Patrol Methodologies & Community PolicingProfessorMay 24, 2020
2Executive SummaryPolicing strategies must be effective in addressing criminal threats as the criminal world and policing community evolves into the future. Through examining the origin of policing, its evolution through different policing eras, and what the future of policing could look like; law enforcement agencies can ascertain those elements of specific policing strategies that can be beneficial to employ in the police force of tomorrow. By reviewing policing strategies such as the “Broken Windows” theory, community policing, CompStat, and intelligence-led policing, insights can be gained as to their development, potential criticisms, and future possibilities within the law enforcement community. The “Broken Windows” theory, with its insight to encourage the involvement of citizens with policing matters, opened the door to community policing. The community policing strategy, by forming alliances and partnerships with community members and organizations to address specific issues, paved the way for problem-oriented policing and the introduction of CompStat. The data-driven delivery of timely and accurate information, rapid deployment of resources, effective tactics, and follow-up process of CompStat intertwines fluently with the abilities of intelligence-led policing. Intelligence-led policing provides the intelligence and information sharing and analytical tools that had been lacking in many police departments with the creation of fusion centers nationwide. These strategies and tools can aid law enforcement agencies as they evolve into the future.
3Policing: Its Origin, Evolution, and Future in Law Enforcement AgenciesIntroductionPolicing activities within the United States of America span a broad array of methodologies, strategies, and tactics to meet the demands of an ever-changing criminal environment. Whether in small rural communities or large urban cities, the police officers and their officials walk a tightrope of the current sitting political administration and the people that they serve to protect. Robert Peel (n.d.), commonly referred to as the “Father of Modern Policing” stated:The police are the public and the public are the police; the police being only members of the public who are paid to give full time attention to duties which are incumbent on everycitizen in the interests of community welfare and existence.This statement, as true today as it was when Peel delivered it, provides a guiding principal for police departments throughout their evolution and into the future. While keeping this in mind and to meet demands of the criminal environment, policing strategies over the years have encompassed approaches such as the “Broken Windows” theory, community policing, CompStat and intelligence-led policing. While these strategies may have been met with criticisms, they