LO-05 AFP GlobRivRegion PWR-2

LO-05 AFP GlobRivRegion PWR-2 - Global Rivalry and Regional...

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Global Rivalry and Regional Power 1865-1895 (LO-05)
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Global Rivalry and Regional Power 1865-1895 General America a trading nation American industry increasingly productive Amer economy came to rely on foreign sales American Economic Concerns Failure to export might lead to econ decline Europeans colonial expansion might limit Amer trade In Sum: Why Trade was Important – The American View Exports meant increased profits Export might relieve social unrest Advanced missionary work Economic expansion would create a more hospitable world Economic ties could enhance political influence Foreign trade would enhance American pride Results of Such Concerns and Beliefs led to Expansion of the American Navy To sustain Navy, US would need “Coaling/fueling Stations” America Influenced by Mahan Mahan argues: Nation’s greatest depends on its sea power Victory in war & vigorous foreign trade depend on efficient Ships require fueling stations and colonies Greatness requires colonies; colonies beget a great nations US had to compete in race for greatness 2
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By 1893 US Navy ranked 7 th . 1900 = 6 th US interest in global commercial expansion greatly increased US foreign policies reflected this interest Some Backlash 1867 Amer purchased Alaska, but some in Congress opposed 1867 Amer annexed Midway Islands But Seward failed in efforts for bases in Santo Domingo, Haiti, C. Amer isthmus, Hawaii, Greenland and Danish West Indies Late 1867 House of Reps passed resolution opposing “any further purchases of territory” because of the country’s “financial condition.” Many believed we had enough land Besides there was domestic business to tend, like Settling the West Finding new agricultural lands Developing transcontinental RR Result: further wars w/Indians Many settlers agreed w/Theodore Roosevelt in his The Wining of the West : “this great continent could not have been kept as nothing but a game preserve for squalid savages.…the man who puts the soil to use must of right dispossess the man who does not, or the world will come to a stand still.” By early 1870s Congress (and the Supreme Court) consider Indians “local dependent communities.” Congress passes laws to push the Indians off desirable lands. Thus, despite
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LO-05 AFP GlobRivRegion PWR-2 - Global Rivalry and Regional...

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