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Unformatted text preview: Truman LO-10 Soviet Predispositions at Close of WW II • Geography • Absence of natural barriers – • Result: numerous invasions • Cumans 11 th C • Mongols 13 th C • Swedes 13 th C • Teutonic Knights 13 th C • Lithuanians 14 th C • Crimean 15 th C • Poles 17 th C • French 19 th C • Germans 2x 20 th C • History • Fear of invasion results in obsession for security • Quest for security – gave rise to tolerance for absolutism & subordination of individual to well-being of state • To protect the state and enforce its authority – supreme instrument of coercion emerged –the secret police • Tsars – secret chancellery of the Monarchy • After revolution – MVD/KGB • Sense of Uniqueness • Led to messianic & proselytizing outlook of Russia as “Third Rome,” and • Slavophile rejection of Western cultural ties • After Revol: manifest in notion of communism as savior of mankind & expansionism • Expansion seen as best defense • And belief: no such thing as too little military power • Ideology • Long before Marxism, Russian state was largest landowner, factory owner, employer, etc • Long before Lenin: Russians accustomed to unquestioned submission to leader • At the End of WW II • Russian geography, history, & ideology resulted in very different outlook • w/advent of communism in 1917, Moscow became spontaneously hostile to West. • By end of WW II, Stalin • Remembered allied intervention in Rus Revol • Was angry & suspicious of postponed opening of Western Front • Likewise, West hostile to SU • Appalled at Nazi-Soviet Pact: Aug 1939 • Appalled at Sov invasions of Baltics, Finland, & Po.1939-40 • Truman – Jun 1941: “If we see that Germany is winning the war we ought to help Russia and if Russia is winning we ought to help Germany and in that way let them kill as many as possible.” • During war, Churchill concerned about post-War world • At Casablanca, Jan 43 calls for Anglo-Amer drive up thru Austria & Hungary • Before 2 nd Quebec Conf 1944 • US War Dept forecast SU as dominant power in Eur. • Churchill renews call for Anglo-Amer into Aust & Hung Immediate Post-War Period • Eastern Europe • w/ Red Army present Al, Bu, E.Ger, Hu, Po, & Ro came under communist dominated govts • Western Europe • Italy & France • SU provides clandestine support for strikes • Greece • 1946: support communists in Greek civil war • Mar 1946: Non-communists win general elections • Aug 1946: Communists renew war in North •...
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- Fall '08
- Cold War, Dept forecast SU, Sov expansionist tendencies, Weak econ structure, inspiration Sov propaganda