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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Renal System In 1909, Starling appropriately recognized kidneys as regulatory , rather than excretory organs. The excretory function of the kidneys is central to their ability to regulate -- Major functions of the kidneys : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. We will consider an overview of the functions of the kidneys to provide a broad perspective. Functions of the Kidneys 1. Regulation of Body Fluid Osmolality and Volume The kidneys are critical components of the system that controls both the osmolality and volume of the body fluids Why control body fluid osmolality?-- The kidneys accomplish these important tasks by regulating the excretion of water and NaCl . The CV system and CNS integrate kidneys function. 2. Regulation of Electrolyte Balance Inorganic ions- Organic ion balance - Example: Excretion: A process of separating wastes from body fluids and eliminating them - To maintain balance, the excretion of any one of these electrolytes...
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- Winter '11