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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Renal System • In 1909, Starling appropriately recognized kidneys as regulatory , rather than excretory organs. • The excretory function of the kidneys is central to their ability to regulate -- • Major functions of the kidneys : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. • We will consider an overview of the functions of the kidneys to provide a broad perspective. Functions of the Kidneys 1. Regulation of Body Fluid Osmolality and Volume • The kidneys are critical components of the system that controls both the osmolality and volume of the body fluids • Why control body fluid osmolality?-- • The kidneys accomplish these important tasks by regulating the excretion of water and NaCl . The CV system and CNS integrate kidney’s function. 2. Regulation of Electrolyte Balance • Inorganic ions- • Organic ion balance - Example: … Excretion: A process of separating wastes from body fluids and eliminating them - To maintain balance, the excretion of any one of these electrolytes...
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- Winter '11