Outline Chapter 2 - Topic 2 Structure and Function of the Kidneys and the Lower Urinary Tract Structure of the Kidneys Structure and function of

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Topic 2 Structure and Function of the Kidneys and the Lower Urinary Tract Structure of the Kidneys Structure and function of the kidneys are closely linked. Gross Anatomy Paired, retroperitoneal organs Weight: g Length: Width: Thickness: Cortex, medulla and papilla - Composed of nephrons, blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. - Medulla divided into 8 – 12 conical masses called _______________________. Renal Vasculature What percent of blood flows to the kidneys? ___________________. Kidneys constitute what percent of total body weight?______________. Renal artery interlobar artery Arcuate artery Interlobular artery Afferent arteriole Glomerular capillaries (glomerulus) Efferent arteriole A capillary network: peritubular capillaries (around nephrons) Peritubular capillaries supply blood to the nephron. - Juxtamedullary nephron’s peritubular capillaries also give rise to the vasa recta* - Blood from ascending recti arcuate vein interlobar vein and renal vein, which courses beside the ureter. What are vasa recta? * Note:
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Ultrastructure of the Nephron What is the functional unit of the kidney? Each kidney contains how many nephrons? The nephron consists of a: A. B. A. Glomerulus Consists of What are glomerular capillaries? Blood is ultrafiltered* across glomerular capillaries into
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This note was uploaded on 01/07/2012 for the course PHCH 6234 taught by Professor Farqui during the Winter '11 term at Palmer Chiropractic.

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Outline Chapter 2 - Topic 2 Structure and Function of the Kidneys and the Lower Urinary Tract Structure of the Kidneys Structure and function of

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