Sample Traditional Research Outline

Sample Traditional Research Outline - Full-Sentence Outline...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Full-Sentence Outline 1 Original Thesis Statement : Wet storage of coal ash and poor industry handling practices continue to pose health and environmental risks due to lack of federal regulation and lack of strict oversight. Revised Thesis Statement : Health, safety and environmental risks from storing wet coal ash in surface impoundment units throughout the country continue to mount while newly proposed federal regulation is currently being debated among the public, government and industry. I. Coal ash is a general term used to describe several substances that are leftover from the process of burning coal for electricity. (Hazardous Waste Consultant, 2010) A. These individual substances are referred to as fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag and fgd solids. (University Each has different characteristics as a result of the type of coal used and the process used for burning it. (Gottlieb, Gilbert & Gollin Evans, 2010, p. vii) 1. Fly ash is a powdery byproduct that is commonly recycled for use in concrete mixtures and used for building projects such as roads, bridges, etc. (American Coal Ash Association, n.d.) 2. Bottom ash is a coarse material that is much different in physical and chemical composition than fly ash. It is porous in nature and is sometimes used as filler material in road projects and as traction control . (American Coal Ash Association, n.d.; 3. Boiler slag is another coarse material that is generally black in color and has a pellet-like shape. It is used in asphalt, for roofing material and also for traction control. (American Coal Ash Association, n.d.) 4. FGD gypsum (flue gas desulfurization) is generated as a result of pollution control systems. It is used to produce wallboard (drywall) and also for agricultural purposes to improve soil. (American Coal Ash Association, n.d.; University of North Dakota – Energy & Environmental Research Center, n.d.) B. There are several other acronyms used to describe these coal ash substances. 1. CCR’s represent coal combustion residuals. (Hazardous Waste Consultant, 2010) 2. CCB’s stand for coal combustion by-products. (Dockert, Jagiella, 2005, p. 1). 3. CCW’s (which are the same as CCR’s and CCB’s) are coal combustion wastes. (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Federal Register, 2010, p.35240) 4. CCP’s represent coal combustion products and is a term created by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to promote recycling (American Coal Ash Association, n.d.) C. Coal ash is one of the largest sources of waste in the U.S. (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2010) 1. An estimated 136 million tons were generated in 2008. ( U.S. EPA, 2010) a Of the total generated 46 million tons were placed in landfills . (U.S. EPA, 2010) b. 29 million tons were put into surface impoundments. (U.S. EPA, 2010) c. 50 million tons were beneficially used.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 6

Sample Traditional Research Outline - Full-Sentence Outline...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online