What is Critical Thinking?
Critical thinking is the art of thinking about thinking while thinking in order to make thinking better
are the interwoven phases of critical thinking? What is its aim?
1) It analyzes thinking
2) Evaluates thinking
3) Improves thinking
Best thinkers use their ability to think well in every dimension of their lives. Best thinkers make the study
of thinking second nature. Critical thinking is the way you do everything you do
Review - Define what is critical thinking?
Mode of thinking about any subject, content, or problem in which the thinker improves the quality of their
skillfully analyzing, assessing and reconstructing it
Critical thinking is self directed, self disciplined, self monitored and self corrective thinking
What does it mean to:
To analyze thinking:
To assess thinking
To analyze thinking
Identify its purpose, question, information, conclusion(s), assumptions, implications, main concepts, and
point of view
To assess thinking
Check it for clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, significance, logic and fairness
Orders of Thinking
Critical thinking adds a second level of thinking to ordinary thinking
First order thinking
Is spontaneous and nonreflective. It contains insight, prejudice, truth and error, good and bad reasoning,
Second order thinking
Is first order thinking raised to a second level of conscious realization( analyzed, assessed and
7. What must you become to be a good critical thinker?
Part of the critical thinking process is
becoming fair minded
To be fair minded
is to strive to treat every viewpoint relevant to a situation in an unbiased ,
The opposite of fair-mindedness is to be intellectual unfairness – is to lack a sense of
responsibility to represent accurately and fairly viewpoints with which one disagrees
1) What is a weaksense thinker?
2) What is sophistry?
Weak sense thinkers
or sophistic sense critical thinkers
– recognizing the fault in others reasoning but
not in your
is the art of winning arguments regardless of whether there are problems in the thinking being
9. What is a strong sense critical thinker?
Strong sense critical thinkers
consistent pursuit of the fair and just.
Work to empathize with the viewpoints of others
Willing to listen to the view points of others
Change their views when faced with better reasoning than their own