Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety Disorder - Chapter 6-Anxiety Disorder...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6-Anxiety Disorder- Physiological- Cognitive- Behavioral SLIDE 1: Physiological: λ Increase in heart rate λ Sweating λ Nausea λ Faster_ shallow breathing λ Shaking λ Increase sympathetic neurons system “fight or flight” Cognitive: λ “worry” λ Concern about negative consequences Behavior: (ex: anxious of flying) λ avoidance Anxiety vs Fear λ Fear: more intense/ present-oriented λ Anxiety: future-oriented/ more diffuse Function of anxiety (good thing about feeling anxious) λ Keeps you away from harm λ Increase attention+ focus λ Increase energy/ Increase motivation ex) job interview Slide 2: The anxiety disorders panic disorder Generalized anxiety disorder(GAD) Phobia Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) chapter 5 (Need to know) from graph λ Most common disorders: phobia λ Gender difference on the graph: more women with the exception of OCD (1:1) λ Relatively low rates of appropriate treatment some are getting treatment that are not been research or evident λ High rates of comorbidity λ Common: pattern of avoidance Panic attack: T rembling+dizzy H ot flushes/cold spells I ncrease heart rate/palpitations S weating I nspiration (choking) S hortness of breath N umbness of tingling (hand goes to sleep) T ightness in chest F ear of : loosing control,dying, going crazy U nreality (sense of)- not hallucination perceiving things that are there N ausea λ Four or more λ Peak very quickly λ Brief and intense λ Single attack does not mean they have a disorder λ Most people with experience a panic attack at some point λ Panic attacks can occur in many anxiety disorders (not just in panic disorders) PD, GAD, OCD, SP, PTSD Types of attack situationally bound (cued ) in a car accident, someone died (have some kind of trigger something really bad that will trigger panic attack) unexpected (uncued) “out of the blue” (London drug grocery shopping example) Slide 3: Panic disorder λ DSM Criteria λ With or without agoraphobia Panic Disorder Recurrent unexpected panic attack (2 or more) plus 1 or more for more than 1 month a. Persistent concern about having another attack b. Being worry about the implications (heart problems, losing my mind) c. Significant change in behavior avoidance agoraphobia 廣廣廣廣 (start to going to classroom with a familiar person (roommate) do not leave their house) Panic disorder without agoraphobia Panic disorder with agoraphobia Agoraphobia λ DSM Criteria i.1. Anxiety about being in places from which escape might be difficult (or embarrassing) or help may not be available in the event of having a panic attack or panic- like symptoms i.2. Situations are avoid or ended with significant distress Cause: Some evidence runs in families (true of anxiety in general ) Neurotransmitters = increase norepinephrine , and decrease level of GABA...
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 300 taught by Professor Laurahanson during the Winter '11 term at UBC.

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Anxiety Disorder - Chapter 6-Anxiety Disorder...

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