Chapter 11- Personality Disorder

Chapter 11- Personality Disorder - Chapter 11 Personality...

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Chapter 11: Personality Disorders CLINICAL FEATURES OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS - Personality disorders were formerly known by character disorders. - DSM-IV-IR person’s enduring pattern of behavior must be ? ? ? pervasive and inflexible, as well as stable and of long duration. - Must be manifested in at least two of the following areas: cognition, ? ? ? affectivity, interpersonal functioning, or impulse control. - Coded on Axis II different enough from the standard psychiatric syndromes on Axis I. - But Axis I disorders are also present with personality disorders. Ex. Anxiety disorder λ Diagnosis of personality disorders: there is overlap of symptoms across different personality disorders λ Most individual with a personality disorder exhibit at least on other disorder λ Individuals with dramatic and erratic borderline disorders λ Paranoid personality disorders is different from schizophrenia contact with reality λ Males are less likely to be identify with borderline disorder female more λ Antisocial personality disorder must have shown patterns of aggressive behavior towards people or animals λ Borderline disorder diagnosed with mood and anxiety disorders λ People with few friends, and is excessively self-conscious and has been diagnosed with depression avoidant disorder λ Sociocultural factor for personality disorder breakdown of traditional social structures λ Cognitive approach for treating PD address errors in thinking and perception that are based on the biased schemas. DIFFICULTIES DOING RESEARCH ON PERSONALITY
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DISORDERS Difficulties in diagnosing personality Disorders - Problems of misdiagnosis - Personality is not sharply defined as for most Axis I diagnostic not very precise or easy to follow. 1) Agreement between the diagnoses made on the basis of different structured interviews or self-report inventories is often rather low; there are still substantial problems with the reliability and validity of these diagnoses. 2) People often show characteristics of more than one personality disorder. (ex. Suspicious, mistrust, avoidance of blame, guardedness of paranoid personality disorder..etc) - Five factor model help understand the commonalities and distinctions between the different personality disorders by assessing how these individuals score on the five basic personality traits. Difficulties in Studying the Causes of Personality Disorders - One major problem of studying the causes of personality disorders stem from the high level of comorbidity among men. - Researchers also have more confidence in prospective studies groups of people are observed before a disorder appears but little of prospective studies have been done for personality disorders.
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