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Unformatted text preview: Psychology 300- Oct 17 th , 2011 Mood Stabilizers λ Lithium λ Anticonvulsants λ Regulate mood make it more stable than, λ Narrow therapeutic window (narrow range of effectiveness) Wide toxicity and effectiveness are wide Narrow toxicity and effectiveness are narrowed λ Blood levels need to be monitored + dose changed accordingly. (depending on the season, diet blood levels change so it is recommended to get regular blood monitored) λ Above toxic levels should trying to avoid it Organ damage Tremors ? ? (shaking hands) λ side effects: leading the person stopping using this medication sedation ? ? weight gain nausea ? ? à when they are having period they feel nausea flattening of mood missing the highs mechanism of action not understood low compliance rates Prescribes this medication in long duration of treatment usually for years When you stop the effectiveness goes away have to take it continuously. Anxiolytics λ Most likely to use for anxiety λ Anti anxiety λ Benzodiazepines Increase the neurotransmitter in the brain (GABA) major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain GABA keep the brain quite Increasing GABA less anxiety help sleep Increasing GABA decrease convulsions ? ? Used short term for anxiety+ sleep problems λ In the past, it is used as more long-term treatment. λ Particularly women λ Can cause dependence taking it every day. λ It will stop working tolerance = increase dose ? ? λ Years later, people would want to stop, taking too many of the dose withdrawal λ Effects of withdrawal rebound anxiety, insomnia can’t sleep so go back go medication. Physical dependence in this medication. Risk of overdose (especially with alcohol) Sublingual ? ? ? l form (instead of swallowing it, they put it under tongue, and let it dissolve it. ) rapid onset Antipsychotic (Neuroleptics) λ Used for psychosis, agitation (dementia), aggression 1950s discovery of antipsychotics Deinstitutionalization occurred got the medicine and go off hospital Problems : λ No where for people to go when they are out of hospital λ No job skills, no training, no supports λ Contributed to homelessness...
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