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21-COGS11-Neural%20Basis%20of%20Decision%20Making

21-COGS11-Neural%20Basis%20of%20Decision%20Making - Neural...

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l i f Neural Basis of i i M ki Decision Making Mary ET Boyle Ph D Mary ET Boyle, Ph.D. Department of Cognitive Science UCSD
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Phineas Gage: •Sept. 13, 1848 •Working on the rail road •Rod impaled his head. •3 5’ x 1 25” 3.5 x 1.25 •13 pounds
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What happened to Phineas? •He survived!! •Major personality change •“His mind was radically changed … • No longer the same person.” •Fitful, irreverent, grossly profane, impatient, obstinate... Frontal Lobe Damage
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Southern Medical Journal, January 1937
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NATURE REVIEWS | NEUROSCIENCE VOLUME 6 | OCTOBER 2005 | 799
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Defining morality ‘M l’ (d i d f h L i li ) ‘Moral’ (derived from the Latin moralis) and ‘ethical’ (from the Greek êthikos) originally referred to the consensus of manners and customs within a social group, or to an inclination to behave in some ways but not in others.
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How does the human moral mind emerge from the interaction of biological and cultural factors? How can the context dependent nature of moral cognition be explained by neuroscience? How does moral cognition relate to emotion and motivation and what are their neural and motivation, and what are their neural substrates?
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The neural basis of moral cognition Moral behavior impairment Impairment in ‘moral sense’ , or ‘moral insanity’ , was first formally described as a “perversion of natural feelings affections inclinations temper habits feelings, affections, inclinations, temper, habits, moral dispositions, and natural impulses”
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Percentage of items on aggression and violence from the Katz Adjustment Scale (an inventory that indicates the behavioral adjustment of the subject to home life)
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