Lecture 5 Oil Spill

Lecture 5 Oil Spill - 10/7/2011 Treatment of Oiled Birds:...

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10/7/2011 1 Treatment of Oiled Birds: Clinical and Pathophysiolgical Effects Erica A. Miller, DVM emiller@tristatebird.org www.tristatebird.org Photos: TSBRR Staff unless otherwise indicated Background Effects of Oil on Birds General Treatment Protocols Tri-State… Tri-State was formed in 1976. .. How spills happen… NOAA NPR.ORG Where spills happen…
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10/7/2011 2 Petroleum Products Petroleum Products • Fuels • Canning wax • Plastics (from chairs to grocery bags) • Gumballs • Rubberbands • Polyesters, rubbers, vinyls • Many pharmaceuticals Types of Oils I very light fuels II light oils III medium oils IV heavy oils Edible oils Jet fuel, gasoline Diesel, home heating oil Most crude oils Heavy crude oils, bunker C Cooking oils Other types of spills… Health Concerns • Non-aromatics - contact dermatitis • Aromatics - inhalation (persistent volatiles) eye irritation • Polynuclear aromatics - risk of skin cancer • Other Hazardous Contaminants…. Types of Birds
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10/7/2011 3 Effects of Oil on Birds Environmental External Internal Environmental Effects www.oceanwanderers.com Why birds? • Oil floats • Birds have feathers External Effects of Oil Disrupts Waterproofing Inhibits Thermoregulation Decreases Buoyancy Impairs Flight External Effects: Damage to Feathers Feather structure Photo: JAMS
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4 Effects of Oil on Feathers • Excessive preening
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Lecture 5 Oil Spill - 10/7/2011 Treatment of Oiled Birds:...

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