Zoo medicine lecture compressed-2

Zoo medicine lecture compressed-2 - Diseases of Primates,...

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Diseases of Primates, Carnivores, and Megaherbivores - an overview of captive wildlife medicine - Ellen Bronson, DVM, DACZM Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
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The changing roles of zoos CONSERVATION AND RESEARCH CENTER Education and recreation ZOOLOGICAL GARDEN Exhibition MENAGERIE
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Conservation Medicine Zoo conservation roles Health care for endangered species Captive breeding and assisted reproduction Collaboration with other agencies Clinical research Field work Outreach and education of guests, students, professional staff Reintroduction into the wild
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Role of Zoo Veterinarians Veterinarians are generalists Encompass many specialties Many species from coral to gorillas Most of internal medicine knowledge based on: human medicine small animal medicine (dogs and cats) large animal medicine (horses, cows)
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Challenges of Zoo Medicine Animals tend to hide signs Cannot examine most without anesthesia Wide variations of anatomy, behavior, metabolism, size Animals in zoos are living longer due to improved medical care – large geriatric population
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Multidisciplinary Approach Keepers and curators first line of defense Veterinary staff prevent, diagnose, and treat illness Nutritionists help maintain health by providing proper diet Pathologists help determine cause of disease, then feedback to clinical veterinarians
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Obtaining the history Keepers and curators know the most about animals in their care Medical history for individual Behavior Appetite Activity level Excrements
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Obtaining the history Initial exam often at animal’s enclosure Vet and keeper/curator observe animal together Decide if further action/exam is necessary
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Anesthesia Varies with each individual: Size Anatomy Reaction to certain drugs Dangerous animals Temperament Enclosure Distance to animal Conditioning
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Anesthesia Options: Manual restraint • Nets • Tubes • Gloves
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Anesthesia Options: Hand-injection • Squeeze cages
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Anesthesia Options: Hand-injection • Training: operant conditioning
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Anesthesia Options: Pole-syringe • Increases distance between person and animal for safety • Still need close distance www.elephantcare.org
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Anesthesia Options: Dart gun/blowpipes • CO2-powered or human air • Plastic darts under pressure
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Options: Dart rifles • CO2-powered or small explosive • For further distances/free-roaming animals
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Zoo medicine lecture compressed-2 - Diseases of Primates,...

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