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feeding and feedstuff

feeding and feedstuff - Comparative Digestion Feeding and...

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Comparative Digestion Feeding and Feedstuffs 10-4-10
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Objectives Explain how biological form and function determine diet selection of animals
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Elephant What kind of digestive system? Herbivorous diet
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Elephant Digestion Hind gut fermentation Large large intestine Protozoa positive In their hind gut to aid in fermentation Highly inefficient digestive system because only 40% digested So they have to eat a lot
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Dolphin ?
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Dolphin Carnivore No fermentation needed because they don’t eat plants Little to no large intestine Large small intestine No cecum Compartmentalized stomach
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Dogs Little large intestine Little cecum Mostly small intestine Both intestines have similar diameter Not pure coniferous
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Cats Little to no cecum Small large intestine Mostly small intestine
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Nutrients What nutrients?
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Nutrients Water- most important Carbohydrates Fats Proteins Minerals Vitamins
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Water Moisture vs dry matter (all feed stuff have some moisture and dry matter) 10% - 80% Most critical nutrient Animals need free choice water Recommended at all times Except during transport because it can spill>>slippery Because they urinate more>>slippery
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Carbohydrates Simple Starches
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