11-2 - 11-2 Agricultural Systemssystem A set of interacting...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 11-2 Agricultural Systemssystem A set of interacting components that functions as a unit.subsistence agriculture A farming system that is largely independent of purchased inputs and in which outputs are typically used or consumed by farmers and their family or extended family. commercial agriculture A farming system that relies heavily on purchased inputs and in which products are sold for use or consumption away from the farm. swidden slash-and-burn agriculture shifting cultivation milpa lading roca chitimene intercropping agroforestrypastoralismtranshumancewet rice farmingintensive agriculturesmallholder agriculturedouble croppingsmallholder crop and livestock farmingagribusinessvertical integrationplantationcash cropdual societydual economycommercial gardeningtruck farmingtruckMediterranean agriculturecommercial dairy farmingmilksheddry-lot dairymixed crop and livestock farmingcash-grain farmfactory farmfeedlotcommercial grain farminglivestock ranchingextensive agriculturevon Thunen modelIn this chapter you are asked to think of agricultural types as highly-varied systems of food and fiber production. What components of food-producing systems are listed in the first paragraph? The land, the inputs, the outputs or commodities that are produced, the consumers, and the various flows among different components What flows among components are listed? Migrant farm laborers to available jobs, of seeds to farmers or of grain to food processorsThe most basic classification of the world's hundreds of agricultural systems is the binary (and vague) division of them as either subsistence or commercial (see the table in Figure 11.6). Keep in mind that this is a qualitative, comparative rubric, and that agricultural systems form a continuum with a lot of variations. You will likely be asked to identify characteristics of subsistence and commercial systems, so study this table carefully.Have look at the map in Figure 11.6. This is a very, very generalized depiction of reality, since it reduces the hundreds of actual agricultural systems down to only 11 groups. For example, shifting cultivation (the green zones near the Equator), which covers Burkina Faso (a county in Africa) is CONCEPTUALLY similar to shifting cultivation in Borneo (Southeast Asia) and lowland Peru (South America), but the crops, tools, seasonal cycle of activities, and many other facets of these systems differ. In fact, it is safe to assume that shifting cultivation within each country varies enough to be classified into many subtypes. The world map of agricultural systems, then, are like that of language subtypes....
View Full Document

Page1 / 6

11-2 - 11-2 Agricultural Systemssystem A set of interacting...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online