12-2 - 12.2 Nonrenewable Energy Resources Fossil fuels...

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12.2 Nonrenewable Energy Resources Fossil fuels – Nonrenewable energy resources that derive from the buried remains of plants and animals that lived millions of years ago. Proven reserves – Expresses the estimated quantity of a resource that could be extracted in the future given the present financial, technological, and geological conditions. Reserves-to-production ratio (R/P ratio) – Provides estimate to how long the world’s oil reserves will last. Dividing the total remaining global reserves by the annual rate of oil production gives the R/P ration in years. Peak oil – Resource extraction tends to follow a bell curve in which production tends to rise rapidly at first, reaches a peak, and then declines rapidly. The rate of production declines following the peak because the resource extraction becomes more costly. Energy transition – Oil production will decline and this will compel people to use a different energy source. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) – The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries formed in 1960 in an attempt to counter the dominance of oil market by few Western oil companies. Cartel – Entity consisting of individuals or businesses that control the production or sale of a commodity or group of commodities, often worldwide. Mountaintop removal (MTR) – is a controversial mining method. It profitably produces vast tonnages of coal but it also contributes to massive landscape change and alters local and regional watersheds. Acid rain – Precipitation that, primarily because of human activities, is significantly more acidic than normal and can harm aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Trans boundary issues – Pollutants are released high into the atmosphere so that they are carried by winds. The effects of acid rain then may be exported to other places, sometimes different countries. What nonrenewable energy resources are also fossils fuels? Natural gas, oil, and coal Which nonrenewable energy source is not a fossil fuel? Uranium Examine Figure 12.5. What percentage of the world's commercial energy consumption comes from fossil fuels? 88% What energy source makes up the largest share of the five major energy sources in this pie chart? Oil Oil and natural gas resources are explored for and extracted in the same manner. Oklahoma is a major oil and natural
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gas-producing state. What share of the world's commercial energy consumption comes from oil and gas? 59% Which of the five major fossil fuels used in the world is a renewable energy source? Hydro What percentage of the world's total commercial energy consumption does this energy resource make up? 6% OIL Why is oil so important to industrialized economies? It is used as fuel What does the term "proven reserves" express in relation to nonrenewable resources? Can proven reserves change?
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course GEOG 1113 taught by Professor Bays during the Fall '10 term at Oklahoma State.

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12-2 - 12.2 Nonrenewable Energy Resources Fossil fuels...

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