Exam 1 - SW Gracie B a Psychology 11 13 Common Exam #1...

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Unformatted text preview: SW Gracie B a Psychology 11 13 Common Exam #1 Name: W M Date: /l./ Who is credited with developing the first laboratory devoted entirely to psychological research? A) Watson KB von Helmholtz C Wundt D) Freud % The early roots of psychology are firmly planted in physiology and in A) anatomy B) logic 1; philosophy MD) dualism /8L/ Damage to the hippocampus results in a loss of the ability to: A) move without shaking B) remember procedural tasks like driving 3 C): acquire new information D) store new information for more than a few seconds / Psychoanalytic theory has become less influential since 1970 due to all of the following factors except: A) its inherent pessimism B) difficulty in testing the theory /Q a sense that the theory was out of step with the times its readily understood approach to dealing with life's problems /,5’./ Donnie wants to determine the average sentence for first-time robbery offenders in Ohio. From court records, he tabulates the relevant convictions and from this list he pulls 100 cases at random and calculates the average sentence of those cases. Donnie is working with data from: r A) an invalid source B)» a population Q):2 a sample D) a case study 6. Suppose you observe an elderly patient with sudden paralysis in his left arm and left leg. What is your best guess about where a brain injury or stroke occurred? A) 3. right hemisphere B) left hemisphere C) cerebellum D) cerebral cortex Page 1 13. Which mental health care worker is allowed to prescribe medication for psychological “disorders? A)? clinical psychologist B) health psychologist C) psychiatrist D) social psychologist 14. The is a dense brain structure that plays a role in the regulation of activation, arousal, and sleep. A) cerebellum B) brain stem . g: i i reticular formatiofl D) corpus callosum 15. Clinical psychologists generally work in: A) clinics. B) hospitals. C) universities or colleges. CE all of these settings. 16. Researchers wanted to see if adults were actually afraid of the dark by exposing them to different levels of light in a room while measuring their heart rates. In this experiment, what are the heart rates of the participants? @dependent variable B) independent variable C) control group D) experimental group 17. The neurotransmitter that influences hunger, sleep, arousal, and aggressive behavior is (called: serotonin. B) endorphins. C) dopamine. D) norepinephrine. 18. The theory that specific mental abilities and characteristics, ranging from memory to capacity for happiness, are localized in specific regions of the brain is called: hypnosis. structuralism. functionalism. D) phrenology. Page 3 25. In a “fight or flight” situation, what part of the nervous system would cause your heartbeat to accelerate, your pupils to dilate, and your bronchi to relax? {AL endocrine system -,,B).Jisympathetic system C) somatic system D) parasympathetic system 26. Elijah is a teacher and believes that all his students have an inherent need to develop, grow, and reach their full potential. Elij ah’s beliefs are best characterized by which approach? A) phrenology B) behaviorism C) psychoanalysis @humanism 27. To measure a psychological characteristic such as “extroversion,” a researcher could do one of several things: ask people how extroverted they think they are, measure how sweaty the palms of their hands are when meeting new people, or carefully observe their interactions with others. Any of these could serve as a(n): r A) operational definition. conceptual definition. C) unit of measurement. D) description of measurement. 28. The neurotransmitter that acts within the pain pathways and emotion centers in the brain is called: serotonin. @ endorphins. dopamine. D) norepinephrine. 29. Sometimes called an “aggression center” and thought to play a general role in the experience of both positive and negative emotions, the , when stimulated, can produce anger and violence, as well as fear and anxiety. A) hippocampus cerebellum amygdala D) hypothalamus Page 5 36. Chemicals in the nervous system that are released from a cell to communicate with another neuron are called: A) neurons. B) the cell body. C) Purkinje cells. @eurotransmitters. 37. The characteristic of an experiment that allows us to draw accurate inferences about the causal relationship between an independent and dependent variable is called: A) statistical significance. ® internal validity. external validity. D) reliability. 38. Hector wants to determine the average GPA of students in his major. He asks the dean for a list of all GPAs of the students in his major and calculates the average. Hector is working with data from: A an invalid source [B a population C) a sample D) a case study 39. “You don't know what she thinks, but you know how she acts.” This statement characterizes which approach? A) psychoanalysis B humanistic behaviorism D) Gestalt 40. ‘Which of the following statements is an example of a demand characteristic? E Laura copies the work of another classmate to pass her test. Mark acts more polite than normal while on a date. C) Seth buys a certain brand of candy because it appears that there are only a few left. D) Lacey speeds so that she won't be late to her next class. 41. Which is the correct order of the firing of a neuron? threshold, resting potential, refractory period, action potential ifl3) resting potential, threshold, action potential, refractory period action potential, resting‘potential, refractory period, threshold D) resting potential, threshold, refractory period, action potential Page 7 48. Which of the following numbers signifies a weak negative correlation? A) —1 B) —0.80 C) —0.60 @ —0.20 49. Which View supports the concept that all knowledge is acquired through experiences? ) philosophical empiricism B) structuralism C) functionalism D) nativism 7650. With respect to the electrical charge in a neuron, when a neuron is processing an action potential, the inside: A) and outside of the cell have no charge at all. ) and outside of the cell are in the same positive state. (a) of the cell has a negative charge relative to the outside. D of the cell has a positive charge relative to the outside. 51. When walking home alone late one night, you are startled by a moving shadow that you glimpse out of the corner of your eye. The division of the autonomic nervous system mobilizes your body's defenses. When you see that the shadow is just fineighbor's cat, the division lessens your physiological arousal. ' ) sympathetic; parasympathetic peripheral; somatic C) somatic; peripheral ' D) parasympathetic; sympathetic 52. A hypothetical account of how and why a phenomenon occurs is called a(n): A) hypothesis. M educated guess. theory. " ') scientific speculation. 53. Jason is interested in an area of psychology that involves the concept that we often perceive the world as a whole rather than as the sum of its parts. This concept is a tenet hich psychological approach? A) Gestalt B) cognitive C) humanistic D) behavioral Page 9 60. What processes are studied by cognitive psychologists? A) stimulus response B) unconscious motives Q) potential for growth l//DR)“’:;attention, memory, and decision making inlays“) 61. The transmit(s) information to other neurons, muscles, or glands. A) dendrites cell body axon nucleus 62. The small, electrically charged particles that create a cell's negative or positive resting “tate are called: $310M. B) membranes. C) channels. D) batteries. 63. As sample size increases, the attributes of the sample more closely reflect the attributes of the population from which the sample was drawn. This is known as: A) the law of large samples. B the law of averages. C3 the law of large numbers. D) Miller’s law. 64. When a patient has multiple sclerosis, the patient cannot easily transmit information from neuron to neuron, which leads to difficulties with movement. The transmission of neurons is slowed down as a result of a deteriorating: A) axon. synapse. CC? myelin sheath. D) cell body. 65. The myelin sheath is an insulating layer of fatty material composed of , which are support cells found in the nervous system. A) dendrites B) terminal buttons C) axons OE glial cells Page 1 1 ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course PSYC 1113 taught by Professor Hargett during the Fall '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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Exam 1 - SW Gracie B a Psychology 11 13 Common Exam #1...

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