Exam 3(1) - Name: - Psyc 1113 Exam 3 1. Bonnie is a good...

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Unformatted text preview: Name: - Psyc 1113 Exam 3 1. Bonnie is a good student, organized, self—disciplined, and very careful about turning her work in on time. According to the Big Five factor model of personality, Bonnie would likely score high on: orderliness. é) conscientiousness. ) neuroticism. D) introversion. 2. What is the defense mechanism that is sometimes referred to as “motivated forgetting”? A) reaction formation B) regression rationalization repression 3. Each human sperm cell and each human egg cell contains: A) 13 chromosomes. B . 26 chromosomes. C 23 chromosomes. ) 46 chromosomes. 4. According to Erik Erikson's stages of human development, 15-year-old Tony's main task is to develop: A) a sense of independence. B love relationships. a sense of who he is. D) a sense of trust. 5. The basic five—factor structure seems to be true in all the following populations except: A) children. adults in non—Western cultures. those who speak languages other than English. CU the mentally ill. 6. We develop a self-concept primarily through: self-reflection. it interaction with others. ) education. D) goal setting. A 7. In his classic study on obedience, Milgram found that a majority of the participants: A) refused to obey the experimenter in the lab coat. B) realized the shock—generator was not real. C showed little distress at continuing the shocks. continued to shock the learner, even after they heard him scream in distress. 8. Babies are born With different characteristic patterns of emotional reactivity called: A emotional abilities. B temperaments. C) emotional reactions. D) traits. 9. Defense mechanisms are because they A) neontive' encnnraoe ns tn Phonon ineffectivelv with the nntside wnrld B) d A) B) 0 ineffective; sometimes work and sometimes do not ” negative; prevent us from immediately dealing with the truth of situations positive; help us deal with anxiety 10. When a vacuum cleaner salesman persuades you to let him vacuum your living room for free, he is likely to increase his chances that he will make a sale. The salesman is using: the door-in-the—face technique. his knowledge of social acceptability. his knowledge of the self-fulfilling prophecy. the foot-in—the—door technique. 11. If a grandfather wiggles his tongue at his newborn grandson, it is likely the baby will: laugh. stick his tongue out. stare at his grandfather's face. cry. 12. If you are studying for a test and friends drop by to invite you to go to a party, what might your id say to you? “That big test is tomorrow morning and you really need to stay and study.” “You scored low on the last test because you didn't study enough.” “Your professor will really be disappointed if you make another low grade.” “You need to take a break, so let's hang out with friends for a few hours.” 13. If participants in Milgram's study of obedience showed any unwillingness to continue, the experimenter: physically forced them to continue. pressured them, by a calm and authoritative demeanor, to continue. stopped the experiment. reminded them of his expertise in this area of learning. 14. A personality trait that has been identified on all major models of personality is: neuroticism. friendliness. anxiety. extraversion. 15. Most children ultimately come to understand that different people understand the world in different ways. Once they understand this concept, they are said to have acquired: mindful egocentrism. an eternal mind. a theory of mind. the stage of formal operations. 16. Lawrence Kohlberg believed that we make ethical decisions based on our stage of moral development; the perspective suggests that we first experience an emotional reaction which in turn informs our ethical decisions. ethical stage cognitive emotional moral intuitionist emotional awareness 17. According to the trait approach to personality, an individual's trait is: only evident in specific stages of life. subject to change rapidly depending on the circumstances. relativelv nnnsisfent norms: a varier nf qefiinos D) unconsciously defined and based on socially unacceptable desires. 18. As we age, the deteriorates more quickly than other areas of the brain. A) frontal cortex B limbic system é prefrontal cortex ) temporal lobe 19. Bette enjoys spending time with friends and family, and she particularly enjoys parties and social events. According to all trait theories of personality, she would likely score high on: g} extraversion. ) conscientiousness. C) neuroticism. D) orderliness. / 20. When placed in a cage with a terry-cloth mother and a Wire mother, rhesus monkeys: 621' preferred the soft cloth mother even when the wire mother provided nourishment. B) preferred the wire mother primarily because it was equipped with a feeding nipple. C) rejected the wire mother completely because it did not offer comfort. D) rejected the cloth mother completely because it did not offer nourishment. 21. Konrad Lorenz is famous for his study of the behavior of just—born: monkeys. ducks. C) orphans. D) kittens. 22. A trait that reflects a grandiose View of the self, combined with a tendency to seek admiration from and exploit others, is known as: A) self—serving bias. B) egotism. C emotional immaturity. ‘ narcissism. 23. Behavior toward another person on the basis of his or her group membership is called: A prejudice. discrimination. ) bias. D) polarization. 24. Men with self—regard are most prone to committing acts of Violence. A) low B) unusually low C high unrealistically high 25 Doing what authorities tell us to do because they tell us to do it is called: 69 obedience. B) conformity. C) diminished cognitive function. D) resistance to authority. 26. The process by Which we draw inferences about others on the basis of our knowledge of the categories to which they belong is called: A) grouping. B c 2 D) A) B D) A) B) c2 9 (Ely C) D) A) (15,3) D) g? B) C) D) c) D) g; C) D) f... C3? C) D) deduction. stereotyping. assuming. 27. Brandon bought lunch for his friend Josh. Research suggests that Josh will likely want to buy Brandon's lunch the next time they go out to eat. This is an example of: observational learning. conformity. the norm of reciprocity. social exchange. 28. Harry Harlow studied infants in orphanages members of the Piraha tribe adopted children rhesus monkeys in order to learn more about what caregivers provide. 29. A teenage boy starts shaving because he develops facial hair, which is a: primary sex characteristic. secondary sex characteristic. minor sex characteristic. major sex characteristic. 30. Which of the following teens is most at risk for becoming pregnant? Nita, who lives in Denmark. Sufi, who lives in the Netherlands. Marcy, who lives in the United States Maribel, who lives in England. 31. Carl Rogers believed that healthy personality development would not occur without: unconditional positive regard. successful navigation through the psychosexual stages. self-actualization. a strong sense of self—worth. 32. One of the best predictors of our general happiness and life satisfaction is: our ability to deindividuate. the quality of our social relationships and group memberships. the absence of prejudice and discrimination in our relationships. our ability to form an intimate relationship with another person. 33. The two-week period of prenatal development that begins at conception is called the stage. embryonic germinal fetal operational 34. Katelyn tells her friends that her father won't let her go with them to the movies. She explains his overly protective behavior as a result of his depression. This is an example of: an attribution. a disposition. a situation. cognitive dissonance. a, 35. As our grandparents get older, we can expect that they will spend: @ more time thinking about the present. ) more time thinking about the past. C) more time thinking about the future. D) less time thinking about the future. infer the underlying motives, concerns, and views about the world of the responder. directly measure the responder's personality. C) correlate the results with the responder's intelligence. D) not make any assumptions about the responders personality. Q 36. By having people make up stories about different pictures they see, researchers can: A ) 37. When they commit acts of aggression, women may be more likely than men to do so by causmg: @2 social harm. ) physical injury. C) pain and suffering. D) headaches. 38. Which of the following situations would likely cause you to be most attracted to your blind date? Q bungee jumping together ) watching a funny movie together C) doing homework together D) going out to eat together 39. During the strange situation test, Gravis notices when his mother leaves the room but does not appear upset. Men she returns, Gravis smiles at her and continues to play happily with a truck. What attachment style does Gravis best fit? secure B) avoidant C) ambivalent D) disorganized 40. The mere exposure effect suggests that you are likely to find someone the more time you spend with them. A) less attractive B equally attractive a more attractive D) completely unattractive 41. Three-month—old Shantel has not yet acquired object permanence and, as a result, she will: search only briefly for a toy that has been covered with a blanket. £3) not search for a toy that has been covered with a blanket. C) construct a schema about where the toy is hidden. D) laugh when her toy is hidden under the blanket. 42. Marie is experiencing feelings of euphoria and emotional intimacy with David. They are likely experiencing: A) compassionate love. B \ first love. é passionate love. ) consummate love. 43. A grandfather and his 25-year—old grandson take a cognitive performance test in which they are asked to remember a series of unpleasant faces. Who will score higher? Whv? A) the grandfather, because older adults are particularly adept at remembering pictorial information B r: the grandfather, because cognitive ability gradually increases with age @ the grandson, because older adults find it difficult to remember information that does not make them happy D) the grandson, because younger adults are not influenced negatively by exposure to information that is disagreeable 44. Which of the following perspectives holds that anxiety is an inherent part of living that we must face in order to be truly alive? A) humanist B psychodynamic C existentialist D) angst reactive 45. A nursery school teacher showed her class of 3-year—olds an M&M box and opened it to reveal pencils instead of candy. Then she closed the box and asked the children what they originally had thought was in it. According to the false belief test, the children would likely say: A) M&Ms. B) crayons. C they don't know. : ’ pencils. 46. Critics of the Rorschach Inkblot Test have all but which of the following objections to the use of the test? A The Rorschach Inkblot Test assesses some of the more private aspects of personality. é The Rorschach Inkblot Test is particularly inaccurate with older adults. C) The Rorschach Inkblot Test is open to the subjective interpretation of the examiner. D) The Rorschach Inkblot Test has little predictive value. 47. The is the single fertilized cell that contains chromosomes from both the sperm , and the egg. A' ’ zygote B) embryo C) fetus D) germinus 48. Mrs. Perry complains that her 14—year~old son is often moody and prefers to spend time in his room with his music and video games than be with his family. She believes adolescents typically have uncontrolled hormone activity. Which of the following statements about hormones and moodiness in adolescents is true? Q Unpredictable hormones have a tiny impact on moodiness. ) Hormones play the biggest role in adolescent moodiness. C) Virtually all adolescents have the same mood swings as her son. D) Constantly playing video games can increase moodiness. 49. Which of the following statements is not a reason why human beings are born with underdeveloped brains and other primates are not? A) If the brain were larger in the womb, the baby's head could not pass through the mother's birth canal. 5} More developed brains would require bigger heads. ' Underdeveloped brains are less adaptable. ) Underdeveloped brains can be shaped by the environment. A) A) D) A a D) A a D) B) C) than men in choosing sexual partners because the costs of for women. 50. Women are naturally reproduction are less selective; lower less selective; higher more selective; higher more selective; lower 51. The fundamental attribution error is described by the psychologist Lee Ross as the tendency to make even when observed behavior was caused by a situational attribution; disposition attributional errors; attitudes a dispositional attribution; the situation correspondence errors; the actor-observer effect 52. Emma is an eighth-grader who believes in the importance of being a good daughter and a good student. It is likely that the Emma is in Lawrence Kohlberg's stage of moral development. preoperational conventional preconventional concrete operational 5 3. In Asch's classic study on conformity, people reported that two lines of obviously different lengths were on at least one trial when all of the people in the experiment with them said they were the same. different the same either the same or different slightly different 54. Infants 9 to 15 months old begin looking at adults to get a better idea of how they should react to various stimuli. This behavior is called: joint attention. social referencing. parent—child referencing. zone of proximal development. 55. Baby Denisha learned to call her family's dog a “woof woof.” Her parents were surprised when she pointed to a cow and said “woof woof.” Jean Piaget would say that Denisha was making use of the process of: accommodation. assimilation. object permanence. habituation. 56. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi found that engaging in tasks that exactly match our abilities creates an energized mental state that he called: creative growth. actualization. flow. “in the moment” experiences. 57. Evaluation of another person on the basis of his or her group membership is called: prejudice. discrimination. bias. D) 6%? C) D) A) D) D) A) B) 99®8 A) polarization. 58. From studying gender differences in personality, evolutionary psychologists believe that in our ancestors: aggressiveness in men may have had an adaptive value in intimidating sexual rivals. agreeableness in women may have been an intentional ploy to attract mates. low sperm counts in men may have increased their ability to father offspring. greater sensation—seeking in men may have promoted the admiration of other males. 59. The social psychologist Leon F estinger observed that when people experience the unpleasant state of cognitive dissonance, they naturally try to alleviate it by: trying not to think about it. changing one or another action, attitude, or belief so all are consistent. reading more about the phenomena. using the sleeper effect to restore balance. 60. When her mother left her in the nursery during a town meeting, toddler Allyson got quite upset. Seeing her mother come through the door a few minutes later, Allyson ran to her, but she rebuffed her mother's attempts to comfort her. Allyson was exhibiting a(n) attachment style. secure ambivalent avoidant disorganized 61. When political candidates routinely appear in campaign ads with Hollywood celebrities, they are using to influence you to vote for them. star power persuasion systematic persuasion hedonic persuasion heuristic persuasion 62. The id operates according to the principle. hedonism; realism pleasure; reality realism; hedonism reality; pleasure principle and the ego is regulated by the 63. Mrs. Alvarado watches her 9—month-old son, Ramon, as he attempts to stack the circular rings on the post in order from largest to smallest. She lets him struggle but offers help if he gets too frustrated. Vygotsky would say that Mrs. Alvarado has a good understanding of her child's: zone of proximal development. mental representation skills. theory of mind. level of object permanence. 64. Before deciding to have children, couples should understand that: at least initially, children decrease marital satisfaction. until they reach adolescence, children increase marital happiness. children have a negative impact on the happiness of men more than women. children increase marital happiness as long as they still live at home. 65. An example of social loafing is: teens who relax by the pool instead of doing chores. B) people in the out-group who exert more effort at a game of strength than do in—group competitors. (g people who clap less loudly in a small group than when in a large group. people who when in a group leave smaller tips at restaurants than is their custom when alone. 66. The primary way psychologists research the extent to which environment determines fin personality is by studying: twins reared together vs. tw'ms in adoptive families reared apart. B) identical vs. fraternal twins. C) siblings reared together vs. siblings in adoptive families reared apart. D) parental personalities vs. the personalities of their children. 67.. Two-year—old Peter has short eye openings, a flat midface, an indistinct ridge under his nose, and a thin upper lip. An alert pediatrician is likely to diagnose: A) Down syndrome. B teratogen syndrome. (é) fetal alcohol syndrome. ) abnormal development syndrome. 68. Regular exposure to secondhand smoke while a woman is pregnant can lead to for the baby. a lower birth weight an attention deficit a learning deficit low birth weight and attention and learning deficits 69. According to Freud, those who have had difficulty negotiating the stage as children may develop a rigid personality and be very controlling in adulthood. A) oral B phallic @3 anal ) genital ‘ 70. Someone who believes that outcomes depend on luck is said to have a(n): internal locus of control. é? external locus of control. negative sense of personal constructs. D) positive sense of personal constructs. ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course PSYC 1113 taught by Professor Hargett during the Fall '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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Exam 3(1) - Name: - Psyc 1113 Exam 3 1. Bonnie is a good...

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